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Nutcracker / Nucifraga caryocatactes


Nutcracker / Nucifraga caryocatactes
Photo Information
Copyright: Bedri Kalemci (bedri) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 111 W: 0 N: 237] (1284)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-11-26
Categories: Birds
Camera: Nikon D300s, NIKKOR AF-S 300mm f/4D IF-ED
Exposure: f/10.0, 1/60 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes (Fill) Flash: Yes
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2009-09-22 11:37
Viewed: 2923
Points: 20
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Köknar kargası / Nucifraga caryocatactes / Nutcracker

The Spotted Nutcracker, Eurasian Nutcracker, or just Nutcracker, (Nucifraga caryocatactes) is a passerine bird slightly larger than the Eurasian Jay. It has a much larger bill and a slimmer looking head without any crest. The feathering over its body is predominantly a chocolate brown with distinct white spots and streaks. The wings and upper tail are virtually black with a greenish-blue gloss. It is one of two species of nutcracker, the other, Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana), replacing it in western North America.

Breeding
Nesting is always early in this species across its whole range, so as to make the best use of pine nuts stored the previous autumn. The nest is usually built high in a conifer (sometimes broadleaved trees are used) and usually on the sunny side. There are normally 2-4 eggs laid and incubated for 18 days. Both sexes feed the young which are usually fledged by about 23 days and stay with their parents for many months, following them to learn the food storage techniques essential for survival in their harsh environment.

Feeding
The most important food resources for this species are the seeds (pine nuts) of various Pines (Pinus sp.), principally the cold-climate (far northern and high altitude) species of white pine (Pinus subgenus Strobus) with large seeds: P. armandii, P. cembra, P. koraiensis, P. parviflora, P. peuce, P. pumila, P. sibirica and P. wallichiana, and also the two lacebark pines in subgenus Ducampopinus, P. bungeana and P. gerardiana. In some regions, where none of these pines occur, the seeds of Spruce (Picea sp.) and Hazel nuts (Corylus sp.) form an important part of the diet too. The forms that take Hazel nuts have thicker bills for cracking their hard shells, with a special ridge on the inside of the bill edge near the base. If the shell is too hard, it holds the nut between its feet and hacks at it with its bill like a chisel.

Surplus seed is always stored for later use and it is this species that is responsible for the sowing of new trees of their favoured pines, including the re-establishment of the Swiss Pine (Pinus cembra) over large areas in the Alps of central Europe formerly cleared by man.

Various insects are also taken, and also smaller birds, eggs, nestlings, small rodents and carrion such as roadkills. It digs out bumble bee and wasp nests avidly to get at the grubs.

Regards,
Bedri..

nglen, boreocypriensis, anemone, zulfu, rousettus, ferranjlloret has marked this note useful
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To boreocypriensis: Teşekkür..bedri 2 09-22 12:14
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2009-09-22 11:42]

Hi Bedri. This is what you call a close up of a Spotted Nutcracker. Your POV is looking straight at it. With very good detail in the feathers with natural looking colours. all with interesting notes . well done TFS.
Nick.

Bedri Bey selamlar,

Bu kargayı hiç görmemiştim daha önce. Deseni ile ayrı bir güzellik. Tam frontal bakıştan nefis bir portre çalışması olmuş. Elinize ve emeğinize sağlık.

Bayram
not. bu ara size karşı hep mahcup kalıyorum. puantaj açısından. Umarım kusuruma bakmıyorsunuz.

Çok tatlı bakmış size Bedri Bey..
Elinize sağlık.
Özgür

  • Great 
  • zulfu Gold Star Critiquer [C: 685 W: 0 N: 2] (43)
  • [2009-09-22 12:28]

Muhteşem.. nefis bir tür. Göz temasınız da harika.
Emeğinize sağlık.
Mehmet

Selamlar bedri bey,
elinize sağlık çok güzel bir çalışma olmuş.
en güzel dileklerimle hoşcakalın.

geçen senenin yıldızıydı. önce Erzurumdan sonra İstanbul ve Çanakkale. bu nadir kuşu gören şanslılardansınız, Bedri Bey. sadece görmek değil aynı zamanda nefis bir portre ile görüntüleyenlerden. elinize sağlık, netliği, renkleri ve göz teması çok güzel olmuş. elinize sağlık, selamlar.

  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2009-09-22 14:46]

Bedri merhaba,
Daha önce hiç görmediğim değişik ve güzel karga portresi.Bakış açısı,renkler ve netlik harika.Tebrk ederim.
Dûrzan

a really nice and well detailed portrait for this cute Nucifraga.
well done.
greetings
Matteo

Harika bir türün karesi olmuş Bedri bey.
netlik süper..elinize sağlık..

Bedri merhaba ,
Fotoğraf nefis ,tür zaten malum , eline sağlık .

Hi Bedri,
Excellent portrait of this bir! Nice colour & Sharp.
TFS & best regards. Ferran

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