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Lycoperdon perlatum

Lycoperdon perlatum
Photo Information
Copyright: Jose Conceicao (jconceicao) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 369 W: 18 N: 842] (3174)
Genre: Fungi
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-10-26
Categories: Fungi
Camera: Canon 400 D, 18-55 Canon EFS, Hama UV 58 mm
Exposure: f/13.0, 1/200 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2009-10-26 11:18
Viewed: 3229
Points: 14
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Lycoperdon perlatum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

The common puffball, gem-studded puffball or devil's snuff-box (Lycoperdon perlatum) is a moderate sized puffball mushroom with a round fruiting body, tapering to a wide stalk. It is off-white with a top covered in short, spiny bumps or "jewels".
When mature, they become brown and a hole in the top opens to release spores which are released in a burst when the body is compressed by rain drops, a touch, falling nuts, etc.


Three features distinguish this mushroom in its edible stage from the later, mature stage, and from other mushrooms:
• The white, spiny looking exterior with "gems" or "studs" which are soft and detach when manipulated.
• The outer shape is rounded and tapering, often inverted pear-shaped with no openings visible.
• The inner structure is uniform, soft and pure white when the mushroom is immature and edible. Forms with mature spore-bearing tissues are yellow to olive on the interior.
If the inner structure is hard or contains gills or an inner stem, then it is not the gem-studded puffball, and may be poisonous—potentially even deadly.


Gem-studded puffballs are considered to be a choice edible mushroom when young and the gleba is homogeneous and white. They become inedible as they mature: the gleba becomes yellow-tinged, and then finally develops into a mass of powdery olive-green spores.
The immature "buttons" or "eggs" of deadly Amanita species can be confused with puffballs. For this reason puffballs should always be sliced vertically and inspected for the developing structures of a mushroom. However, Amanitas will generally not have 'jewels' or a bumpy surface, for the most part.
Gem-studded puffball spores are ornamented with many sharp, microscopic spines and can cause severe irritation of the lung (lycoperdonosis) when deliberately inhaled (Anon. 1994; Strand 1967).

nglen, ferranjlloret, Dis. Ac., Noisette has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2009-10-26 11:42]

Hi Jose . This fungi looks like a golf ball. I like the low POV which you have taken this one. We can see the skin marks with fine detail . All with natural looking colours. well taken . TFS.

  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2009-10-26 12:15]

Very good photo of this mushroom, very good presentation to!

Olá José,
Bonita captura de lo que por aquí llamamos pedo de lobo ....
tiempo de setas. Saludos cordiales

Olá José

Uma luz muito bem gerido, excelente localização para o fungo, todas acompanhadas por um fundo com um nível muito adequada do foco. Parabéns, bom trabalho.


  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2009-10-26 23:08]

Hello José,
The use of fine side lighting has made this capture of a Lycoperdon attractive and it ciontrasts well with excellent sharpness against its grassy habitat.
Thanks and best regards,

Good photo of this little fungus.Regards.Alin.

Hello Jose
a fine shot of this puffball in a grassy environment
beautiful lighting on the fungi and great details
Have a good night

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