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Vanellus indicus

Vanellus indicus
Photo Information
Copyright: Durzan Cirano (cirano) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-05-04
Categories: Birds
Camera: Nikon D80, Sigma AF 50-500mm F4-6,3 APO EX DG HSM
Exposure: f/6.3, 1/200 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Fauna of Mesopotamia II [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2010-05-14 0:36
Viewed: 2896
Points: 22
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) is a lapwing or large plover, a wader in the family Charadriidae. It has characteristic loud alarm calls which are variously rendered as Did he do it or Pity to do it[2] leading to colloquial names like did-he-do-it.[3] Usually seen in pairs or small groups not far from water but may form large flocks in the non-breeding season (winter).
Red-wattled Lapwings are large waders, about 35cm long (somewhat larger than a Rock Pigeon, with longer legs). The wings and back are light brown with a purple sheen, but head and chest and front part of neck are black. Prominently white patch runs between these two colours, from belly and tail, flanking the neck to the sides of crown. Short tail is tipped black. A red fleshy wattle in front of each eye, black-tipped red bill, and the long legs are yellow. In flight, prominent white wing bars formed by the white on the secondary coverts.[5]

Race aigneri is slightly paler and larger than the nominate race and is found in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and the Indus valley. The nominate race is found all over India. The Sri Lankan race lankae is smaller and dark while atronuchalis the race in north-eastern India and eastern Bangladesh has a white cheek surrounded by black.[6]

In flight. Note the diagnostic white wing bar, and broad black band on tailMales and females are similar in plumage but males have a 5% longer wing and tend to have a longer carpal spur. The length of the birds is 320-350mm, wing of 208-247mm with the nominate averaging 223mm, Sri Lanka 217mm. The Bill is 31-36mm and tarsus of 70-83mm. Tail length is 104-128mm.
It usually keeps in pairs or trios in well-watered open country, ploughed fields, grazing land, and margins and dry beds of tanks and puddles. They occasionally form large flocks, ranging from 26 to 200 birds.[7] It is also found in forest clearings around rain-filled depressions. It runs about in short spurts and dips forward obliquely (with unflexed legs) to pick up food in a typical plover manner.[8] They are said to feed at night being especially active around the full moon.[4] Is uncannily and ceaselessly vigilant, day or night, and is the first to detect intrusions and raise an alarm, and was therefore considered a nuisance by hunters. Flight rather slow, with deliberate flaps, but capable of remarkable agility when defending nest or being hunted by a hawk.[5]

Its striking appearance is supplemented by its noisy nature, with a loud and scolding did-he-do-it call, often uttered at night.[6]

Call of Red-wattled Lapwing


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Leucistic abnormal plumage is rare.[9]

The local names include titeeri (Hindi), tateehar (Sindhi), titodi (Gujarati), hatatut (Kashmiri), balighora (Assamese), yennappa chitawa (Telugu),[2] aal-kaati (Tamil, meaning "human indicator").

It breeds from West Asia (Iraq, SW Iran, the Arabian/Persian Gulf) eastwards across South Asia (Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the entire Indian subcontinent up to Kanyakumari and up to 1800m in Kashmir/Nepal), with another sub-species further east in Southeast Asia. May migrate altitudinally in spring and autumn (e.g. in N. Baluchistan or NW Pakistan), and spreads out widely in the monsoons[5] on creation of requisite habitats, but by and large the populations are resident.

This species is declining in its western range, but is abundant in much of South Asia, being seen at almost any wetland habitat in its range.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Charadriidae

Genus: Vanellus

Species: V. indicus

Binomial name
Vanellus indicus
(Boddaert, 1783)

From Wikipedia

siggi, matteo86, maurydv, boreocypriensis, Noisette has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-05-14 0:40]

Hello Durzan,
This a very nice birds awith very nice colors. The picture is clear and sharp, and great details.Well done.
Best regards Siggi

This picture is clear with good colors and good clarity.

very interesting specie, great colors and scene
thanks for sharing

mükemmel birkayıt,
trakuşdanda baktım gerçektençokşirin birçalışmaolmuş.
ellerinizesağlıkdurzan bey.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2010-05-14 1:52]

Hi Durzan,perfect focus on the bird,the sharpness and the colors are at the top,the red details of the face are fantastics...and a very nice composition too.Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano

Slav Durzan,
a very beautiful capture of the Red-wattled Lapwing taken from an excellent POV, marvellous natural colours, very good sharpness in a nice composition
Best regards

Ciao Durzan. Beautiful colours and good sharp for the bird. Interesting blurry environment.


Ciao Durzan, elegant bird with wonderful colors, splendid sharpness and fine details, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

Ender bir türün nefis bir karesi olmuş dostum.
Kutlarım. Eline ve emeğine sağlık.
Bi slaven germ...


Hello Durzan
you present us a very beautiful bird, very nice profil view, superb details and great lighting, the colors are very natural
he is standing in a fine environment
superb note too
Have a great sunday

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-05-16 1:37]

Hello Durzan,
nice pose in good sharpness. i like it standing sstill position. The red patch and white stripe is very lovely. you have shown the feature and the difference very well with the other indicus.


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