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Apatura Ilia

Apatura Ilia
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-08-17
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX1
Exposure: f/3.2, 1/1600 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Masterpieces with Bridge or Compact cameras, CeltickRanger's favorite photos 2 [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2010-08-17 8:14
Viewed: 3368
Points: 44
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Nymphalidae

Genus: Apatura

Species: A. ilia

The Lesser Purple Emperor, or Apatura ilia, is a species of butterfly native to most of Europe and Asia. It is named for its similarity to the Purple Emperor butterfly.
It is found in woodlands as well as throughout Central Europe and southern Britain. Adults have dark brown wings with white lines and a small orange ring on each of the hindwings. Males have an iridescent purple-blue sheen which the females lack. The caterpillars are green with white and yellow markings and have two large horns.
Females spend most of their lives in the tree canopy coming down only to lay their eggs. Males also spend much of their time in the tree tops, defending their territory from rivals, though they will sometimes descend in order to drink from puddles or feed. Unlike most butterflies, the purple emperor does not feed from flowers but instead on the honeydew secreted by aphids and on dung, urine and animal carcasses.
Eggs are laid in late summer on the upper side of sallow leaves. They prefer the leaves of the broad-leaved sallow. After hatching, the caterpillars will lie on the midrib of the leaf where they are well camouflaged, and feed only at night. During the winter they hibernate in the forks of sallow branches where they change colour from green to brown in order to match their surroundings. The following June they will form a pale green chrysalis that resembles a leaf shoot. The adult will then usually emerge in mid-July.

La farfalla Iride (Apatura ilia Linnaeus, 1758) è una farfalla appartenente alla famiglia Nymphalidae.I maschi posseggono brillanti sfumature viola-porpora, che non sono dovute a pigmenti chimici, come avviene nella maggior parte delle farfalle, ma a fenomeni fisici di diffrazione e interferenza della luce; per questo motivo cambiano a seconda dell'angolo di incidenza dei raggi luminosi. Entrambi i sessi sono caratterizzati da una colorazione marrone-scura sulle pagine inferiori, linee bianche e un anello arancione su ogni ala posteriore. Le femmine sono generalmente più grandi e presentano disegni più estesi.
La lunghezza delle ali anteriori oscilla tra i 33 e i 42 mm.
I bruchi sono invece verdi con bande gialle e bianche e con due corni.È una specie sciafila (che vive nell'ombra).
Le femmine trascorrono la maggior parte della loro vita sui rami, scendendo a terra solo per depositare le uova. Anche i maschi trascorrono la maggior parte della propria vita sulle cime degli alberi, difendendo il loro territorio dai rivali, sebbene discendano di tanto in tanto per bere dalle pozze fangose o per nutrirsi.
Il bruco vive invece sull'olivello spinoso in agosto/settembre e nuovamente in maggio/giugno dopo l'ibernazione. Esiste una sola generazione annuale con sfarfallamento nelle vicinanze del mese di luglio.
A differenza della maggior parte delle farfalle, l'Apatura iris si nutre di sostanze zuccherine secrete dagli afidi, di fiori di rovo, di urina e di carogne.
Abita nelle regioni meridionali dell'Inghilterra e in gran parte dell'Europa centro-orientale.
In Italia si ritrova nelle regioni settentrionali, nei boschi e nelle radure del piano basale e montano tra i 500 e 1.900 m slm, specie dove abbonda la quercia.

Dis. Ac., purohit, Miss_Piggy, siggi, jaycee, Noisette, anemone, maurydv, rousettus, CeltickRanger, boreocypriensis, haraprasan has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To anemone: thanks!!lousat 1 08-17 14:27
To Noisette: ...lousat 1 08-17 13:18
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • horias Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 837 W: 58 N: 2084] (11033)
  • [2010-08-17 8:17]

Hi Luciano
Lovely old A.ilia!
Perfect details and colors!
Great shot!

hello Luciano
super pose with good light and beautiful colours
great sharpness and good details
thnaks Luciano
greeting lou

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2010-08-17 8:47]

Hello Luciano,
Very beautiful light and colours in this photo, great clarity. Nice contrasting against the dark BG. Excellent sharpness and details. Good composition and POV.

Ciao Luciano, un po' malconcia.....la farfalla, in compenso è molto bella la foto. Luce e colori veramente belli. Ciao Paolo

Hello Luciano,

it's almost end of the butterflies, the wings are missing pieces, I have been almost the same problems.
This one good pov and dof.
Fine colous.


Hi Luciano,
Splendid photo, great colors and details.
Anil Purohit

  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2010-08-17 10:17]

Hi Luciano,

Splendid photo of this old Butterfly, TFS!

Hallo Luciano
Although this butterfly has seen the best of its years it is indeed a pretty specimen with lovely markings, and different shades of gold and yellow on the wings. I also like the almost full framed and centralized composition. The yellow tips on the antennas are truly eye-catching. The green leaves forms and ideal back drop as well as natural frame to this image, which is presented in a pleasant manner. Thanks for sharing.
Best regards.

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-08-17 11:59]

Hello Luciano,
A wonderful close up from you.Excellent composition of this pretty Purple Emperor with great colors and sharpness.Thanks for sharing Best regards Siggi

bonjour Luciano
une excellente capture de ce Apatura Ilia superbement positionné dans l'image
les details sont impressionnants et le sujet est bien éclairé
Passe une bonne nuit

  • Great 
  • jaycee Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2454 W: 10 N: 8044] (25460)
  • [2010-08-17 13:14]

Hi Luciano,

Although this Purple Emperor is showing signs of wear and tear it is still very beautiful. I love the majestic pose on the attractive leaves. The colors and details are absolutely wonderful showing off the lovely wings and face. Superb lighting, wonderful contrast with the background and a magnificent composition.


Hello Luciano,
Great image with excellent sharpness, fine details and natural colors. Well done!

Hi my dear friend. Great capture of this beautiful but old butterfly with super details, POV and composition.
thanks for sharing
Best regards

Ciao Luciano,
bentornato .....
qualcuno direbbe che hai una predilezione particolare per le "vecchiette", ma nonostante le apparenze mi sembra un'Apatura ilia in perfetta vitalità e tu rendi onore alla bellezza di questa farfalla che con i Licenidi e Issoria lathonia credo sia una delle tue favorite, ottima nitidezza e colori luminosi.
Grazie e complimenti
Buona notte
Ciao Maurizio

ciao Luciano
very nice capture of this beautiful nymphalid which one of the dream species I want to see. nice details, POV and light using. nicely composed and presented. thanks for sharing, have a good night my friend

salut Luciano

cette photo elle est superbe belle, superbe POV et DOF,
superbement focusé avec de grandes netteté et détails,
une très très belle luminosité, cette photo va directement
dans le thème crée par notre ami Jesús
« Masterpieces with Bridge or Compact cameras »



Aahhhhhh... a fresh and also awesome macro of an gerontic beauty MF!
Your placement of this Apartura aginst to rlatively dark BG and the lighting are impressive here. Great focus and composition too.
TFS and have a nice day amico mio Luciano!


  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2010-08-18 0:45]

Shalom Luciano,

Lovely picture of a somewhat "beat-up" specimen. The light is just right to bring out the details of the wings.

Well done!


Gran nitidez y buen control de la luz. La naturalidad es evidente en todo el conjunto.Bien posicinada la mariposa entre las hojas por lo que el ángulo es correcto a mi entender. Interesante especie que vemos poco por aquí.

Hi Luciano,
A pretty older specimen of Lesser Purple Emperor. But very well captured by you with sharp details and a nice composition. Thanks a lot for sharing.

Hola Luciano

Una bonita composición de esta mariposa, con su perfecta probostide enrollada y perfecta nitidez, imagen muy agradable y perfecta.

un saludo de Antonio

Ciao Luciano, son di passaggio, gran bella macro di questa favolosa farfalla, dettagli stratosferici e nitidezza al top, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

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