<< Previous Next >>

Maniola jurtina


Maniola jurtina
Photo Information
Copyright: Grosu Lucian (Luke) Silver Note Writer [C: 1 W: 0 N: 10] (44)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-08-11
Categories: Insects
Camera: Canon EOS 1000D, Sigma 70-300mm F4-5.6 DG Macro
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/500 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-12-01 3:42
Viewed: 2542
Points: 0
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Meadow Brown

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Maniola
Species: M. jurtina
Binomial name
Maniola jurtina
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Meadow Brown, Maniola jurtina, is a butterfly found in European meadows, where its larvae feed on grasses, such as Sheep's Fescue.

Similar species are Gatekeeper (which prefers to rest with its wings open) and Small Heath (which is smaller).

There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species. Males are less colorful, with smaller eyespots and much reduced orange areas on the upper forewings. They are also much more active and range far about, while females fly less and often may not away from the area where they grew up.

A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. These may number up to 12 per individual butterfly, with up to 6 on each wing. The factors that govern polymorphism in this trait are not resolved, although a number of theories have been proposed (Stevens 2005). On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more often opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably make neophobic predators hesitate so that the butterfly has better chances of escaping.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.
Add Critique [Critiquing Guidelines] 
Only registered TrekNature members may write critiques.
Discussions
None
You must be logged in to start a discussion.

Critiques [Translate]

No critiques
Calibration Check
















0123456789ABCDEF