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Photo Information
Copyright: Volkan Eroglu (Gramineae) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 62 W: 3 N: 212] (1074)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-02-09
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Nikon D-5000, 18-55mm AF-S Nikkor, @ ISO 200
Exposure: f/14.0, 1/200 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-02-10 1:34
Viewed: 3065
Points: 14
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note

Sonchus oleraceus L. [TR:]Eşek marulu, eşek helvası, kuzu gevreği [EN:]Common sowthistle, Sow thistle, Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare's Colwort, Hare's Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies

Annual or biennial, 10-150 cm, often glandular-hairy above and white-hairy at top of peduncles. Basal leaves ovate to obovate, entire or lobed at apex, with winged petiole, lower cauline leaves oblong to spathulate, pinnatifid-runcinate, lobes not narrowed at base, auricles acute, upper cauline leaves ovate to lanceolate, entire or pinnatifid, with acute auricles; all leaves with entire or dentate margin. Involucre urceolate-campanulate, sometimes glandular-hairy. Capitula 2-2,5 cm broad. Ligules pale yellow, outer ones often crimson on back, ± equal to corolla tubes. Achene 2-3 mm, slightly compressed, each face 3-ribbed, minutely tuberculate between ribs. Pappus 6-10 mm.

Flowering: 3-5.

Habitat: Fields, waste places.

Altitude: sea level-1300 m.


Taraxacum officinale Weber [TR:]Karahindiba [EN:]Common Dandelion

No type of this species is known and the description is vague. There are many records for this species from all over Turkey; they are misidentifications for plants of several sections.


Leontodon saxatilis Lam.[EN:]Lesser hawkbit

Perennial, with a short praemorse rhizome. Indumentum of forked hairs. Stems 6-17 cm, unbranched, ± ebracteate. Leaves 35-55 x 5-6 mm, oblanceolate in outline, tapering at base, subentire to distantly serrate or lobed, sparsely hispid. Involucre hemispherical, 2-3-seriate, 6-9mm long; phyllaries with membranous margins, glabrous, flat in fruit. Outer achenes narrowed at apex but scarcely beaked, coronate; inner beaked, with yellowish pappus.

Flowering: 10-11.

Habitat: Fields.


Calendula arvensis L. [TR:]Portakal nergis [EN:]Field marigold

Erect or sprawling annual. Stems usually much branched, (5-)15-25(-30) cm, often thinly arachnoid-floccose. Leaves oblong or narrowly obovate, (1-)3-8(-10) x (0,4-)0,5-1,4(-2) cm, pubescent or thinly floccose, acute or obtuse, with subentire or obscurely denticulate margins. Capitula 1-2 cm broad (incl. ligules); ligulate flowers less than 2 x as long as phyllaries, yellow or orange; tubular flowers concolorous with ligulate ones, or sometimes brown or violet-purple. Achenes heteromorphic; outer beaked and cymbiform, or wholly cymbiform, inner annulate and rugose, or occasionally all achenes annulate and rugose.

Flowering: 1-6.

Habitat: Cultivated fields, roadsides and waste ground, occasionally on rocky hillsides.

Altitude: sea level- 2000 m, but usually lowland.

Reference: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vol: 5

oanaotilia, rousettus, yiannis has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

nice quartet, greetings Ori

Hello Volkan
Very interesting colage, with detailed notes, all images in the same color combination blue+yellow; Well done

Composit serisinin ilkinde familyanın güzel çiçeklerini dörtlü kolajla güzel görüntüleyip, güzel notlarla sunmuşsun, Volkan. eline sağlık.

hello Volkan
very nice collage with great details and beautiful colours
greeting lou

Very nice composition with fine photographs of the individual species. regards Yiannis

Selamlar Volkan bey,
Mükemmel dörtlü olmuş.
Elinize sağlık.

Hello Volkan,
I have tried a few composites but they did not work well. However, this is very good. Keywords here are clarity, simplicity and detail. Well done.

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