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... (Falco naumanni) ...

... (Falco naumanni) ...
Photo Information
Copyright: Jose Diogo (josediogo1958) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 494 W: 27 N: 1837] (11747)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2012-05-23
Categories: Birds
Camera: canon 1 dx mark 2, Canon 500mm f4 L IS
Exposure: f/8, 1/800 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2012-05-26 4:02
Viewed: 2369
Points: 44
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Peneireiro-das-torres, Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni)

"The Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) is a small falcon. This species breeds from the Mediterranean across southern central Asia to China and Mongolia. It is a summer migrant, wintering in Africa and Pakistan and sometimes even to India and Iraq. It is rare north of its breeding range, and declining in its European range. The scientific name of this bird commemorates the German naturalist Johann Andreas Naumann.

It is a small bird of prey, 27–33 cm in length with a 63–72 cm wingspan. It looks very much like the larger Common Kestrel but has proportionally shorter wings and tail. It shares a brown back and barred grey underparts with the larger species. The male has a grey head and tail like male Common Kestrels, but lacks the dark spotting on the back, the black malar stripe, and has grey patches in the wings.
The female and young birds are slightly paler than their relative, but are so similar that call and structure are better guides than plumage. The call is a diagnostic harsh chay-chay-chay, unlike the Common Kestrel's kee-kee-kee. Both sexes do not have dark talons as usual in falcons; those of this species are a peculiar whitish-horn color. This, however, is only conspicuous when seen birds at very close range, e.g. in captivity.
Despite its outward similarity, this species appears not to be closely related to the Common Kestrel. In fact, mtDNA cytochrome b sequence analysis (Groombridge et al. 2002) places it at a basal position with regards to the other "true" kestrels (i.e., excluding the American Kestrel and probably the grey African kestrels too).Its divergence is tentatively placed to around the Miocene-Pliocene boundary (Messinian to Zanclean, or about 7-3.5 mya). The morphological similarity with the Common Kestrel is most puzzling, but still it appears to betray the present species' actual relationships: the lack of a malar stripe seems ancestral for kestrels, and the grey wing colour unites the Lesser Kestrel with most other Falco species, but not the other true kestrels.
The Lesser Kestrel is, as the name implies, a smaller and more delicate bird than the Common Kestrel, and it is entirely sympatric in its breeding range with it; they compete to a limited extent. Thus, the possibility that there is some form of adaptive advantage to the similar coloration deserves study. Considering that the Lesser Kestrel would in fact have an advantage if some would-be predators confuse it with the larger species and consequently avoid it, it might be a case of Müllerian mimicry.

From John Gould's Birds of Europe
The Lesser Kestrel eats insects, but also small birds, reptiles and rodents (especially mice),which are often taken on the ground. It nests colonially on buildings, cliffs, or in tree holes, laying up to 3-6 eggs. No nest structure is built, which is typical for falcons. Recent surveys (January 2007) by LPO have revealed that in their wintering grounds, Lesser Kestrels roost communally - sometimes in huge numbers. A roost discovered in Senegal during one of these surveys held 28,600 birds, together with 16,000 Scissor-tailed Kites Chelictinia riocourii.It is widespread and plentiful on a global scale, but in many areas of its range, it seems to be undergoing a marked and possibly accelerating decline. The IUCN has thus classed it as a vulnerable species (VU A2bce+3bce). This means that the global population and range have declined by some 30% in the last 10 years, and is expected to continue to do so for at least another decade. Apart from possible habitat destruction, it appears that indiscriminate use of pesticides has a strong effect on this species due to its insectivorous habits."(Wiki)

Model: Canon EOS-1D Mark III
Software: PhotoScape
Exposure Time: 1/790
F-Stop: f/8.0
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 500/1 mm
Date Taken: 2012-05-23 18:39
Metering Mode: Spot
Flash: Flash did not fire, compulsory flash mode
File Size: 235 kb

Thanks for viewing..

flashpoint, anel, maaciejka, Chiza, Marco2010, Alex99, marius-secan, bartove, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

beautiful posture planing to attack,Jose
Another gem ... congratulations sERGIO

Hello Jose,
Beautiful photo with good compozition and nice colours.The sharpness is impressive!
Best regards

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2012-05-26 5:27]

Bonjour Jose,
Une image splendide de ce petit faucon en position d'attaque. Parfaite netteté, vraiment et ce avec seulement 1/800 sec. Bravo!
Un document intéressant bien présenté aussi, comme d'habitude.

Hello Jose,

A fantastic in-flight hovering capture with beautiful colors, details & timing. Well composed & presented. Very nicely done & TFS.

Regards & best wishes!


Hi Jose,
really beautiful pose of this bird. Great composition. Excellent sharpness and details.
Thanks for sharing,

Ciao Jose Diogo, great capture of lovely falco in fantastic fly, splendid light, wonderful colors and excellent sharpness, very well done, my friend, have a good week end, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • Chiza Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 133 W: 0 N: 474] (5351)
  • [2012-05-26 7:05]

Hola Jose, hermosa rapaz en una pose de lujo,bien congelada la toma mostrando toda la belleza de esta ave dispuesta a cazar. Luz, enfoque y composición excelentes tambien...saludos.

Ciao Jose.
Che splendida foto molto luminosa e con il soggetto in perfetta nitidezza,eccellenti i colori,complimenti.
Ciao Marco.

Beautiful shot Jose, I didn't even manage to see them in the south of france


  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2012-05-26 8:47]

Hello Jose,
Very beautiful photo of this hovering Lesser Kestrel. Splendid colours and excellent sharpness. Fine composition.
Enjoy the weekend,

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2012-05-26 8:49]

Hi Jose,fantastic in-flight capture,what a perfect camera settings for fantastic details everywhere,great colors too,i like it! Have a nice Sunday and thanks,Luciano

Impressive photo Jose! Perfect timing, excellent composition, wonderful colours and good sharpness.

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2012-05-26 9:17]

Hi Jose.
Great in-flight picture and amazing timing. Pose of the bird is fantastic as well as precise exposure, excellent sharpness and lovely colours. Bravo.

Hello Jose,
Exceptional capture with superb clarity, details and very good focus. The light, exposure and WB are great. This lovely species of bird are one of my favorites.
Thanks for sharing!

My compliments on this fantastic photo. You've achieved such clarity of a moving subject. Bravo

  • Great 
  • pirate Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 799 W: 152 N: 1186] (7474)
  • [2012-05-26 14:09]

Good compo and great pose
all perfect

hello Jose
super good picture with great details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

Ciao Jose. Impressive indeed MF! Fantastic detaile and sharpened flying capture!


Buen trabajo Jose!
En mi zona esta especie es muy escasa. F. tinnunculus lo tenemos todo el año y relativamente abundante, pero F. naumanni es dificil de ver. Excelnte enfoque, colores y "congelación".
Un saludoo: Josep Ignasi.

Excellent in flight capture
Thanks for sharing.

Hello Jose

Great close-up photo of this Lesser Kestrel
scanning the ground for a prey, fine POV,
superb focus, sharpness and details,
great contrast of the color tones, TFS


Hi Jose,

The bird is well place in the frame. The point of view is showing the details and colors of the Lesser Kestrel in flight. It is clear and sharp. The early evening light has a good effect on the colors. Have a nice day.


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