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Maniola Jurtina


Maniola Jurtina
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-06-05
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/200 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-06-07 6:11
Viewed: 1665
Points: 46
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

(unranked): Rhopalocera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Nymphalidae

Subfamily: Satyrinae

Tribe: Satyrini

Subtribe: Maniolina

Genus: Maniola

Species: M. jurtina

The Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina) is a butterfly found in European meadows, where its larvae feed on grasses, such as Sheep's Fescue.
Similar species are Gatekeeper (which prefers to rest with its wings open) and Small Heath (which is smaller).
There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species. Males are less colorful, with smaller eyespots and much reduced orange areas on the upper forewings. They are also much more active and range far about, while females fly less and often may not away from the area where they grew up.
A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. These may number up to 12 per individual butterfly, with up to 6 on each wing. The factors that govern polymorphism in this trait are not resolved, although a number of theories have been proposed (Stevens 2005). On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more often opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably make neophobic predators hesitate so that the butterfly has better chances of escaping.

Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus 1758)
Descrizione
Lepidottero di medie dimensioni caratterizzato dalla livrea marrone-scuro e con sulle ali anteriori un ocello preapicale con pupilla, presente anche sulla pagina inferiore ove spicca sul colore di fondo ocra. Le ali posteriori presentano, di sotto, una colorazione giallo-grigia più uniforme nel maschio, marcata, nella femmina, da una fascia postdiscale chiara contenente una serie di puntini scuri.
Biologia
La larva svernante riprende all'inizio dell'estate la sua attività compiendo subito dopo la metamorfosi. Generalmente un'unica generazione con sfarfallamenti che si protraggono per tutta l'estate fino ad ottobre. Il bruco ha tegumento verde-giallastro dorsalmente, più scuro ventralmente, con i fianchi percorsi da una linea biancastra sotto gli stigmi. Testa verde-bluastra. Conduce attività notturna nutrendosi di Graminacee (Poa, Agrostis, Bromus ecc.).
Distribuzione ed ecologia
Con alcune sottospecie copre un vasto areale che dalle isole Canarie si estende all'Asia Minore e all'Iran. In Europa si spinge fino alla Scandinavia. Presente ovunque in Italia (subsp. hispulla), dalla pianura ai 1500 m.
Specie comune nel territorio, ove frequenta ambienti assolati e campagne coltivate.

Alex99, Silvio2006, Hotelcalifornia, marius-secan, jcoowanitwong, maaciejka, Cobo, CeltickRanger, cloud, pierrefonds has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2013-06-07 6:22]

Hi Luciano.
Fantastic picture with terrific reproduction of all features of the fine species and impressive surroundings. I can feel softness of butterfly texture, see every colours tone and other details of the butterfly. Leaf. their colours are details are ultimate too. Bravo.
Alexei.

Ciao Luciano,
Non ho mai visto questa farfalla, forse dovrò buttare più l'occhio... Ottima come al solito.
Antonio

hallo Luciano
great sharpness and with good details
i like this light and the beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

Stunning shot my friend Luciano... I like the central frame you've chosen.
The DOF is perfect and brings out all the details of the greenery.
bravo!!
Goldy

Ciao Luciano, mica facile beccarla così bene ad ali aperte, gran macro, ottima nitidezza, magnifici dettagli e splendid colori, bravissimo, buon week end, ciao Silvio

Hello Luciano,
Beautiful presentation.Nice colour and sharpness with very good POV.
Thanks for sharing,
Kind regards,
Srikumar

Hello Luciano,
Remarkable photo and comments. This nice specie of butterfly has wonderful colors. Rare catch from this POV. I mean with the open wings....The contrast against the background is superb. Very nice composition taken from a excellent low POV with lovely light and best clarity.
Thanks for sharing!
Marius.

Hi Luciano, I like the sharp focus and perfect light control. Also the pleasing presentation. Regards, JC

Hi Luciano,
nice natural colours. I like your composition. A lot of details and excellent sharpness.
Have a nice weekend,
Maciek

Hi Luciano.
蝴蝶照的很清晰 顏色很美麗
背景的綠有著層次感 很美的構圖
STONE

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2013-06-07 10:15]

Hello Luciano,
Another superb macro of a very beautiful butterfly in splendid light and perfect natural colours. Excellent sharpness, details and a nice centred composition.
Have a nice weekend,
Peter

Mica facile beccarla ad ali aperte! Eccellente profondità, ottimi dettaglio e nitidezza. I colori hanno reso un sacco.

Roberto

  • Great 
  • Cobo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 1 N: 535] (5799)
  • [2013-06-07 11:08]

Great quality here Luciano. Super sharpness, excellent light, color and presentation. Yes, very, very good! Congratulation and thank you for sharing it. Saludos.

Hello Luciano

Beautiful macro with fine POV from above
to show the butterfly's shape and patterns
and the great contrast it is doing against
the vegetation's green color tones, TFS

Asbed

  • Great 
  • cloud Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 497 W: 111 N: 1535] (9539)
  • [2013-06-08 0:21]

Hello Luciano,
I like your Maniola, perfect sharpness and colours. This year I haven't met yet.
Regards, Pawel

  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2013-06-08 1:01]

Beautiful specimen! Great light and background.

Have a pleasant weekend, Luciano,

Ishi

Hello Luciano,
fine capture of this butterfly with good sharpness and lovely details. I also like the beautiful colours and the nicely opened wings.
Best wishes,
Helmut

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2013-06-08 7:01]

Hi,
Beautiful capture of this lovely M.Brown with open wings..good lighting and details. tfs.
nagraj.v

Hi Luciano,

You're capturing well this butterfly by a good angle and excellent tone/clarity, so it's interesting and impressive to see the butterfly in which has black spots and yellow mask in brown wing. It harmonizes well gree leaf of backdrop.

Kind regards,
mikio

GREAT photo Luciano! The composition, the colours and the sharpness are excellent!
Regards,
Christodoulos

Hallo Luciano
Your collection of butterflies is impressiveLovely composition and colours. What a beautiful butterfly. I really battle to get the flitty things to stay still long enough to get a decent photo. The open winged pose in front of the green leaves is very effective. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.
Anna

Hi Luciano. I like the texture of this guy. It almost looks like you could pet it. Very good focus and details. Nicely framed with good flash light. Colours and clarity make this a winner in my books. Great shot Luciano. TFS Trevor

Bonjour Luciano,

Les feuilles cadrent bien le papillon. La prise de vue permet de voir les détails et les couleurs du papillon Myrtil. L'image est claire et nette. La bonne luminosité rehausse les couleurs de l'image. Bonne journée.

Pierre

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