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琉球紫蛺蝶


琉球紫蛺蝶
Photo Information
Copyright: stone wang (kinglove) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 783 W: 0 N: 623] (11338)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-06-17
Categories: Insects
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/200 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-06-20 0:33
Viewed: 1891
Points: 38
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
琉球紫蛺蝶 Hypolimnas bolina kezia ( Bulter, 1877)

生物學分類:蛺蝶科
寄主植物: 旋花科的甘藷
蜜源植物:成蝶喜吸食腐熟落果汁液或樹幹流出汁液
台灣分佈: 分布於台灣全島平地到低山地區,海拔 100-500 公尺間山區均有分布
其他國家分佈:西從斯里蘭卡、印度、巴基斯坦,東經新幾內亞、澳洲、斐濟等東亞熱帶地區到非洲南部的馬達加斯加島


1.卵
形狀:底部扁平之圓球形,表面有明顯縱脊。
顏色:淡綠色。
大小:直徑約為1.0-1.1mm。
天敵:各類卵寄生蜂、蜱等節肢動物。
成長天數:卵期約為5-6天左右。
偽裝避敵:無

2.幼蟲
形狀:終齡幼蟲體呈長圓筒狀,頭頂有一對長有細刺之角狀突起,各體節背方著生6-7枚棘狀突起。
顏色:終齡幼蟲頭部橙色,表面密生多數黑色細毛,頭縫線有時呈黑或深褐色,角狀突起黑色。體呈黑色,體表各體節背方著生長有黑色細刺之黃褐色棘狀突起,體側氣門為黑褐色。
大小: 終齡幼蟲體長約為45-55 mm。
天敵: 寄生蜂、寄生蠅、小繭蜂、椿象、蜥蜴及鳥類等。
成長天數:幼蟲成長約需25-30天,視溫度而定。
偽裝避敵:幼蟲體表著生長滿小刺之棘狀物,藉以防禦各種捕食性天敵。

3.蛹
形狀: 蛹體外觀接近長橢圓形,中胸背方隆起,腹部彎曲,軀體後半部逐漸變細。頭部前端有一對短角狀突出,腹節背方均有小型尖錐狀突起。
顏色:蛹體底色呈褐色,全體密佈黑褐色細小不規則細紋。中胸背方及翅芽均有大型黑斑,腹節背方尖錐狀突起呈灰褐色,氣門為黑褐色。
大小:蛹體長度約為23-28mm。
天敵:蛹寄生蜂、胡蜂、姬蜂及各種真菌等。
成長天數:蛹期約為20-30天,視溫度而定。
偽裝避敵:老熟幼蟲化蛹於隱蔽之植物叢間,藉以躲避天敵。蛹體表面長有尖錐狀突起,或許可用於防禦捕食性天敵,避免遭到捕食。

4.成蟲
形狀 :成蟲前翅外觀大致呈現三角形,外型稍微橫長。後翅外觀呈卵圓形,接近三角形,外緣呈輕微鋸齒狀
顏色 :雄蝶前、後翅表底色為黑褐色,前、後翅中央部位有一帶藍紫色金屬光澤區域,前翅端角有一白斑,前、後翅外緣部位有不連續白色緣毛。雌蟲翅表色澤呈灰褐色,前翅端角有白色斜帶紋,中央部位有不明顯紫色區域,前、後翅各翅室亞外緣有一小白點。體型較雄蟲大,翅形較為寬圓
大小:本種為中大型蝶種,展翅約為 70-90mm
特徵:雄蟲翅表色澤特殊,翅表具明顯藍紫色金屬光澤斑紋
生長分佈:台灣全島中低海拔山區均有分布
天敵:蜘蛛、螳螂、青蛙、蜻蜓、鳥類及蜥蜴等捕食性天敵。
成長天數: 成蟲壽命約為 2-3個月
偽裝避敵: 成蟲飛行緩慢,無其他明顯避敵方法
季節:夏季、秋季較常見到成蟲活動,其他季節較少見到成蟲活動
其他生態行為:成蝶喜吸食腐熟落果汁液及各種野花花蜜,成蟲飛行緩慢,常見停棲於開闊草原或溪邊開闊處,追逐驅趕附近其他飛過的蝴蝶

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Critiques [Translate]

really beautiful butterfly. Similar species are also seen in our place. nice closeup with good clarity.

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2013-06-20 0:41]

Hi Stone,
This is an nice macro shot. Amazing natural colors
and details.
Regards Jiri.

Hello Mr.Stone,
Beautiful macro of this butterfly.Nice POV with natural colour.Stripes are really looking splendid against green BG.
Thanks for sharing,
Kind regards,
Srikumar

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2013-06-20 3:56]

Hello Stone,
Excellent sharp detailed macro of this butterfly in beautiful clear and contrasting colours. Fine DOF.
Regards,
Peter

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2013-06-20 4:27]

Hello Stone.
Beautiful species and fine image with good lighting. The texture is good to see.
Regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2013-06-20 5:44]

HI,
Beautiful species..well captured with lots of greens, good contrast. tfs.
nagraj.v

Hello Stone,
you have managed to captured a real beauty.
The butterfly is sharp with fine detail and stand out nicely from the BG.
Simple colours but very nice.
Well done.

Regards
Gert

Hi Stone, A nice shot on this gorgeous butterfly. You did great in showing its beauty. Lovely pov and very well done. JC

Hello Stone,
Once again a wonderful photo taken from a very good angle and POV. Exceptional quality....Excellent details. Outstanding colors and perfect focus.
You managed perfect this composition.
Thanks for sharing!
Marius.

hallo Stone
very nice picture to see
good light and great sharpness
the colours are beautiful to
thanks greeting lou

Hello Stone,
Superb picture.
nice colour and perfect sharpness.
best wishes,
samiran

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2013-06-20 9:09]

Hi Stone.
You have pictured splendid specimen of the butterfly simply perfectly and at amazing scenery. Vertical leaves are a fine scenery for the captured beauty. Exposure of the image, details, colours are perfect as well as POV and composition. Excellent close-up.
Alexei.

Hi Stone.
Beautiful capture of this Butterfly. Nice sharp detail and contrasting BG color. Very good work my friend.
Best regards,
Carl

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2013-06-20 14:31]

Hi Stone,only the head is a bit out of focus,but this is a great macro,magnificent brown specie and fine details on the wings,perfect exposure and nice pose too.Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano

Hello Stone

Excellent macro of this brown colored butterfly
that it is doing great contrast with its environment,
fine lateral POV to show the patterns, beautiful light,
excellent focus, sharpness, and details, TFS

Asbed

  • Great 
  • hsn6a Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 160 W: 0 N: 435] (8652)
  • [2013-06-21 0:11]

Hello Stone,
excellent capture butterfly,great details species,thanks..

  • Great 
  • Adanac Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1273 W: 1 N: 6188] (21378)
  • [2013-06-21 17:40]

Hello Stone,
Stunning macro image with great detail throughout. Great job Stone.
Rick

  • Great 
  • PeakXV Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 121 W: 0 N: 544] (3135)
  • [2013-06-21 20:13]

Hello Stone,

Magical light and perfect pov for this attractive, earthen butterfly with good focus and excellent color and light management. Very well done!

Derek

  • Great 
  • IronM Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 144 W: 3 N: 345] (2608)
  • [2013-06-24 13:09]

Hi Stone,
lovely photo of this amazing butterfly,
spicies unknown to me !
Beautiful details and colors !
Best regards !

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