In golden morning light
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|In the early morning light I saw this Capuchin mother with baby.|
The tufted capuchin (Cebus apella), also known as brown capuchin, black-capped capuchin, or pin monkey is a New World primate from South America. As traditionally defined, it is one of the most widespread primates in the Neotropics, but it has recently been recommended considering the black-striped, black and Golden-bellied Capuchins as separate species in a new genus, thereby effectively limiting the tufted capuchin to the Amazon Basin and nearby regions.
The tufted capuchin is an omnivorous animal, mostly feeding on fruits and invertebrates, although it sometimes feeds on small vertebrates (e.g. lizards and bird chicks) and other plant parts. It can be found in many different kinds of environment, including moist tropical and subtropical forest, dry forest, and disturbed or secondary forest.
Like other capuchins, it is a social animal, forming groups of 8 to 15 individuals that are led by an alpha or dominant male.
Taxonomy and phylogeny
At one point all tufted capuchins were classified as Cebus apella. Under such taxonomy, the range of C. apella would extend throughout much of South America from Colombia to northern Argentina. More recent taxonomic studies have been carried out by Torres de Assumpçăo (1983; Torres 1988). Groves (2005) recognized the following subspecies for the tufted capuchins:
• Cebus apella apella (Linnaeus, 1758)
• Cebus apella fatuellus (Linnaeus, 1766)
• Large-headed capuchin, Cebus apella macrocephalus Spix, 1823
• Cebus apella margaritae Hollister, 1914
• Cebus apella peruanus Thomas, 1901
• Cebus apella tocantinus Lönnberg, 1939
In 2011, Jessica Lynch Alfaro et al proposed that the robust capuchins such (formerly the C. apella group) be placed in a separate genus, Sapajus, from the gracile capuchins (formerly the C. capucinus group) which retain the Cebus genus.
The tufted capuchin is more powerfully built than the other capuchins, with rougher fur and a short, thick tail. It has a bundle of long, hardened hair on the forehead that can be raised as a sort of "wig". The fur is brownish gray, with the belly being somewhat lighter-colored than the rest of the body. The hands and feet are black. The tail is strong and can be used as a grasping tail.
The tufted capuchin has a head-body length of 32 to 57 centimetres, a tail length of 38 to 56 centimetres, and a weight of 1.9 to 4.8 kilograms, with the males generally being larger and heavier than the females.
Behaviour and ecology
The tufted capuchin is a diurnal, arboreal primate species, but it often forages on the ground to search for food or to walk longer distances between trees that are too far apart to jump.
The tufted capuchin lives in groups of two to twenty or more animals. A single group usually contains at least one adult male, but mixed groups with multiple males do also occur. In that case, one of the males is dominant. He accepts only a few monkeys in his direct surroundings, mainly younger animals and a few females. The dominant male and the group members that are close to him have the privilege to eat first in case of food scarcity, while subordinate monkeys have to wait until they are ready.
After a gestation period of 180 days, one young is born, or incidentally a twin. This young, which weighs only 200 to 250 grams, is carried on the back of its mother. The mother feeds her child for 9 months, but the young is sexually immature until its seventh year, which is quite late for a primate of its size.
Important natural enemies of the capuchin are large birds of prey. They are so afraid of those birds, that they even become alarmed when a harmless bird flies over.
The tufted capuchin rubs urine on its hands and feet in order to attract mates and reduce stress.
A recently discovered characteristic of one population of this species is that it uses stones as a tool to open hard nuts. First it chooses ripe nuts from a nut palm. It uses its teeth to strip off the nut's fibrous husk. Then it leaves the nut to dry for about a week. When the nut is dry, the monkey lays the nut on a large, flat rock or fallen tree, hammering the nut with a suitable stone until the nut cracks. The hammer stones are often large enough to require lifting with both hands. The anvil rock is often pock-marked with hollows as a result of repeated use.
Besides nuts, the capuchin also eats fruit, insects and larvae, eggs and young birds, frogs, lizards, and even bats. They are also known to chase cats.
The tufted capuchin looks for its food in groups. As soon as one of the group members has found something edible, he or she may make a large whistling sound, dependent upon the proximity of other individuals and abundance of the food resource, so that the other monkeys know that there is something to eat. The composition of the group is very well organized, and is determined by rank in the hierarchy. The dominant male often resides somewhere in the middle of the group just behind the front line, so that it is safer when a predator attacks. The vanguard is composed of higher-ranked females who are tolerated by the dominant male. They have the privilege to reach the food first, but they are also the most vulnerable when a predator attacks.
Source: Parts of Wikipedia
Hotelcalifornia, kinglove, Chiza, Maynayquan, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Excellent image of mother and child,lovely play of morning light,great details and beautiful composition.
Beautiful picture of this mother and child.Nice light and pose.Like its POV.Thanks for the NOTE.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice time,
- [2013-11-30 7:08]
The lighting was definitely on your side in this wonderful shot. The way the tail is illuminated in an amber orangish color really captures your attention.
The mother and baby look so relaxed as she hangs onto the top branches by her tail. Excellent focus resulting in some mighty fine detail and cute facial expressions.
Lovely light so soft like this Mother and Child affection.
great catch light make this more beautiful.
- [2013-11-30 7:51]
Good sharpness and lovely scene,well done-
The composition's great, so is sharpness, but I miss some lights from the photo, I exactly mean flash, because the colors aren't spectacular this way and there's a huge blown out part in the background (which wouldn't be there if you exposed with flash). But, as I said, the scene's nice - although the photo itself isn't your best in my opinion.
Best regards, László
Super mooie foto met dat zonlicht erbij
als je deze flitst zoals een ander dat wil is het effect weg wat jij ziet en wil op deze foto
Verder super goed van scherpte en prachtige kleuren
bedankt gr lou
Amazing scene Peter! Another beautiful and interesting photo! Very good composition, wonderful colours and very good sharpness.
- [2013-11-30 9:25]
perfect family pic, excellent light
Ciao Peter, nice family composition, wonderful colors and splendid light, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio
- [2013-11-30 12:54]
Hi Peter,really beautiful,this special light so well exposed is the secret if the beauty of this pic,great capture despite the location and the distance.Have a nice Sunday and thanks,Luciano
- [2013-11-30 15:36]
Peter, you've really known wonderfully leverage your trip to South America. Important record of the natural life. Beautiful baby capuchin expression. From a photographic point of view I find it very interesting the sun on the backs of animals, orange illuminating the bottom of its long tail. The sparkle in the eyes of adults, with a bluish tinge, indirect light generated I find particularly beautiful.
Great catch, my friend.
From Argentina, Hernan Bortondello.
- [2013-12-01 15:06]
Hola Peter, que hermosa foto de estos mamíferos en un momento muy especial; muy buena composición, entorno y manejo de la luz...saludos.
Great capture of a mother Monkey and her baby in wonderful composition, gorgeous POV, superb sharp details, and brilliant natural colors. I like the bright eyes of the mother. Very well done, my friend. Thanks and regards!
Ciao Peter. Great compo. Stunning details and perfect focus in the interesting situazion.
This is a lovely photo with full of tenderness with the warm light
of the back light coming and shining the Mommy monkey's tail,
in the same time you captured an behaviour with the way with
its tail she hold the branch, TFS