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Jaguar


Jaguar
Photo Information
Copyright: Peter van Zoest (PeterZ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-09-21
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Nikon D90, Sigma 135-400mm f/4.5-5.6 APO, Digital RAW
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/250 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-05-22 6:31
Viewed: 1568
Points: 22
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
During our photo safari in the Pantanal we took a boat trip on the rivers with the aim to find the jaguar. We start at 7:00 in the morning. Beautiful to see so many birds, caimans, capybaras, giant otters and new tropical otters in and around the water. At 11:00 we saw a jaguar, but this was largely behind the bushes. The heat was intense and we got a heavy thunderstorm, but to our surprise at 16:30 there was a large male walking along the banks of the river. We could made a lot of photos of this impressive animal. What a thrill. After about 10 minutes he disappeared into the forest. An experience I will never forget.
This is my second photo of this animal I’ve posted here on TN.

The Jaguar (Panthera onca) is a big cat, a feline in the Panthera genus, and is the only Panthera species found in the Americas. The jaguar is the third-largest feline after the tiger and the lion, and the largest in the Western Hemisphere. The jaguar's present range extends from Southwestern United States and Mexico across much of Central America and south to Paraguay and northern Argentina.

This spotted cat most closely resembles the leopard physically, although it is usually larger and of sturdier build and its behavioral and habitat characteristics are closer to those of the tiger. While dense rainforest is its preferred habitat, the jaguar will range across a variety of forested and open terrains. It is strongly associated with the presence of water and is notable, along with the tiger, as a feline that enjoys swimming. The jaguar is largely a solitary, opportunistic, stalk-and-ambush predator at the top of the food chain (an apex predator). It is a keystone species, playing an important role in stabilizing ecosystems and regulating the populations of the animals it hunts. The jaguar has an exceptionally powerful bite, even relative to the other big cats. This allows it to pierce the shells of armoured reptiles and to employ an unusual killing method: it bites directly through the skull of prey between the ears to deliver a fatal bite to the brain.
The jaguar is a near threatened species and its numbers are declining. Threats include loss and fragmentation of habitat. While international trade in jaguars or their parts is prohibited, the cat is still frequently killed by humans, particularly in conflicts with ranchers and farmers in South America.

The P. o. palustris is the largest subspecies, weighing more than 135 kg or 300 lb): The Pantanal regions of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, along the Paraguay River into Paraguay and northeastern Argentina.

Biology and behavior
Physical characteristics
The jaguar is a compact and well-muscled animal. Size and weight vary considerably: weights are normally in the range of 56–96 kg. Larger males have been recorded to weigh as much as 160 kg (roughly matching a tigress or lioness), and the smallest females have low weights of 36 kg. Females are typically 10–20% smaller than males. The length, from the nose to the base of the tail, of the cats varies from 1.2 to 1.95 m. Their tails are the shortest of any big cat, at 45 to 75 cm in length. Their legs are also short, considerably shorter when compared to a small tiger or lion in a similar weight range, but are thick and powerful. The jaguar stands 63 to 76 cm tall at the shoulders. Compared to the similarly colored Old World leopard, this cat is bigger, heavier and relatively stocky in build.

A short and stocky limb structure makes the jaguar adept at climbing, crawling, and swimming. The head is robust and the jaw extremely powerful. The jaguar has the strongest bite of all felids, capable of biting down with 2,000 lbf (910 kgf). This is twice the strength of a lion and the second strongest of all mammals after the spotted hyena; this strength adaptation allows the jaguar to pierce turtle shells.
The cat is covered in rosettes for camouflage in the dappled light of its forest habitat. The spots vary over individual coats and between individual jaguars: rosettes may include one or several dots, and the shapes of the dots vary. The spots on the head and neck are generally solid, as are those on the tail, where they may merge to form a band.

Hunting and diet
Like all cats, the jaguar is an obligate carnivore, feeding only on meat. It is an opportunistic hunter and its diet encompasses at least 87 species. They regularly take adult caimans, deer, capybaras, tapirs, peccaries, dogs, foxes, and sometimes even anacondas. However, the cat will eat any small species that can be caught, including frogs, mice, birds (mainly ground-based species such as cracids), fish, sloths, monkeys, and turtles. Some jaguars will also take domestic livestock, including adult cattle and horses. A problem in the Pantanal.

Source: Wikipedia

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Critiques [Translate]

hallo Peter
Ik denk dat je hart oversloeg toen je hem zag
super dat hij tevoorschijn in gekomen
voor een foto
mooie kleuren en goed van scherpte
bedankt gr lou

Hello Peter

Excellent portrait shot of the Jaguar in the wild,
with fine POV on its expressive glance, it is a great
chance to see a big wild cat like this in the wild nature, TFS

Asbed

Bonsoir Peter,
Superbe rencontre !!!
Ce portrait est remarquable pour son expression, la finesse des détails, la délicatesse des couleurs...
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

Ciao Peter, great portrait of superb creature, fine sdetails, splendid sharpness and wonderful colors, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2014-05-22 15:32]

Hi Peter,a very lucky meeting and a very good capture,the quality of this portrait is excellent despite the distance and the difficult light,one of the most famous animals but a very rare guest of TN..ehehe...have a nice weekend and thanks,Luciano

Hhallo Pete
·Óªº«Üº}«G «Ü¬üÄRªº°\¤l ¤]«Ü²M´·
ºc¹Ï¤]«Ü¬üÄR ¯u¬O¦n¬Ý
ÁÂÁ¤À¨É
STONE

  • Great 
  • nanreh Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 136 W: 12 N: 258] (2191)
  • [2014-05-22 19:59]

Peter , thank you on behalf of all friends TrekNature this second exciting capture "our Tigre" ( Tiger is the name the Argentine gauchos , gave the great spotted cat ) . It is an achievement to get shots of this ghost of the forest, the most elusive big cat in the world, except for the snow leopard .

In this , as in the previous photo magnificent ; Length ; clearly see that particular aspect of this predator . If you look carefully , obsessively , we will see in a mixture of aspects : the leopard ; the tiger ; the lion and ... pitbull , yeah , Pit Bull ( squat , cylindrical, wide chest, big head , street look , solid and almost invincible wrestler) . But then there are its unique and distinctive features , its large rosette type spots , many with dots in the center , a relatively short tail , and finally , his short legs ; incredibly broad and muscular ; bandy something , almost like those of a bear, more than a feline .

What animal !

Thank you very much , Peter , and congratulations !

Hernán Bortondello
ARGENTINA


Peter, te agradezco en nombre de todos los amigos de TrekNature por esta segunda y emocionante captura de "nuestro TIGRE" (Tigre es el nombre que los gauchos argentinos daban al gran gato manchado). Es todo un logro obtener tomas de este fantasma de la selva, el gran gato mas elusivo del mundo -a excepción del leopardo de las nieves.

En esta foto, como en la magnífica fotografía anterior de cuerpo entero, vemos claramente ese aspecto tan particular de este superpredador. Si observamos detenidamente, obscesivamente, veremos en el una mezcla de aspectos: los del leopardo; los del tigre; los del león y... del pitbull, si del pitbull (achaparrado,cilíndrico, de pecho ancho, gran cabeza, aspecto de luchador callejero, sólido y casi invencible). Pero lueto están sus características únicas y distintivas, sus manchas grandes tipo roseta, muchas con puntos en el centro, una cola relativamente corta, y finalmente, sus patas, cortas y increíblemente anchas y musculosas y patizambas, casi como las de un oso, mas que la de un felino.

Qué animal!!!

Muchas gracias, Peter, y felicitaciones!!!

Hernán Bortondello
ARGENTINA

  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2014-05-23 2:52]

Hi Peter,

Great capture. Lovely image, technically superb. Thanks for the background safari story, too.

Have a pleasant weekend,

Ishi

OUTSTANDING CLOSEUP.........

Ciao Peter. Interesting face face. Good details.

Roberto

Hello Peter-We don't see such animal picture in TN regularly.Thanks for showing us a different one.Well captured with beautiful pose.Daengerous Beauty...Thanks for sharing.Regards and have a nice time-Srikumar

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