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Papilio machaon - 2

Papilio machaon - 2
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2015-06-17
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2015-06-19 6:31
Viewed: 1066
Points: 28
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
...and today the upper side of this butterfly in a classic pose.

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Superfamily: Papilionoidea

Family: Papilionidae

Subfamily: Papilioninae

Tribe: Papilionini

Genus: Papilio

Species: P. machaon

The Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon), is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. The butterfly is also known as the Common Yellow Swallowtail or, simply, The Swallowtail (a common name applied to all members of the family). It is the type species of the genus Papilio and occurs throughout the Palearctic region in Europe and Asia; it also occurs across North America, and thus is not restricted to the Old World, despite the common name.This striking butterfly is yellow with black wing and vein markings and a wingspan of 8 to 10 cm. The hind wings of both sexes have a pair of protruding tails which give the butterfly its common name. Just below each tail is a red eye spot.This butterfly is present throughout the entire Palearctic region through Russia to China and Japan (including the Himalayas and Taiwan) and across into Alaska, Canada, and the United States. In Asia it is reported as far south as Saudi Arabia, Oman and the high mountains of Yemen.
In Southern Asia it occurs in Pakistan and Kashmir, Northern India (Sikkim, to Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) Nepal, Bhutan and northern Myanmar.
This butterfly is widespread in Europe but in the United Kingdom it is limited to a few areas in the Norfolk Broads of East Anglia. It is the UK's largest resident butterfly. The Monarch Danaus plexippus is slightly larger but is only a rare vagrant.There are 37 subspecies.
Papilio machaon gorganus is strongly migratory in Europe and can be found in almost all habitats.
In the UK, P. m. brittanicus is an endemic subspecies, but occasionally individuals of the continental subspecies gorganus breed temporarily on the south coast. Subspecies brittanicus differs from the continental subspecies in being more heavily marked in black.
The Maltese Islands are home to another endemic subspecies, P. m. melitensis. There are usually two to three broods in a year, but in northern areas the species may be single-brooded. In some places like the UK some will pupate and emerge in the same year and others will overwinter as pupae before emerging the following year, a situation known as being partially double brooded.The caterpillar spends the first part of its life with the appearance of a bird dropping, an effective defence against predators. As the caterpillar grows larger it becomes green with black and orange markings. The caterpillar still has a defence against predators in the form of an organ called an osmeterium which consists of retractable, fleshy projections behind its head that can release a foul smell.


Il Macaone (Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758) è una farfalla della famiglia delle Papilionidae, famiglia prevalentemente tropicale, di cui solo 9 specie presenti in Italia.
Con i suoi quasi 8 centimetri di apertura alare massima, non è difficile incontrarla e notarla soprattutto nelle campagne o in collina dall'inizio della primavera (periodo in cui le crisalidi sfarfallano), fino ad autunno inoltrato.
I bruchi, verdi con anelli neri punteggiati di giallo, si nutrono di Apiaceae, come ad esempio il finocchio e la carota. Se disturbati, estroflettono da dietro la testa un paio di ghiandole a forma di corno (osmaterium), che emettono un odore repellente che tiene lontani i predatori.
Elegante ed agile nel volo, il maschio è anche difensore del proprio territorio; se vi capitasse di vederne due che volteggiano vicini in audaci acrobazie, probabilmente uno sta cercando di cacciare l'altro.
Anche il Macaone presenta il tipico comportamento da Butterfly Hilltopping, ovvero cerca di volare sopra il punto più alto del terreno in cui si trova (dominio).

ramthakur, summers, senn, Hotelcalifornia, Noisette, Nasarg, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

A flawless capture with the wings fully open, Luciano.
Perfect focus, remarkable details and entirely natural colours.
Thanks for sharing this beauty.

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2015-06-19 11:36]

Ciao Luciano,
Very beautiful photo of this Swallowtail in nice natural colours and excellent sharpness. Fine classic composition.
Have a good weekend,

Ciao Luciano, il Macaone è sempre una grande soddisfazione, bello in posa così ad ali aperte è proprio uno spettacolo, macro di fantastica qualità, splendida luce, ottima nitidezza e magnifici colori, bravissimo

  • Great 
  • senn Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 58 W: 2 N: 155] (1384)
  • [2015-06-19 12:55]

great take of the species Luciano, .. like the detail and texture, .. effectively posed and exposed; .. well done !

nuri :)

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2015-06-19 14:30]

Hello Luciano,
Wonderful capture,just like a painting.Excellent composition and pov with great sharpness and lighting.
colours are marvellous. Regards Sigi

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2015-06-19 15:13]

Ciao Luciano,
Very nice close-up for very beautiful Papilio machaon ..
Presentation of this butterfly in very nice natural colours, great sharpness, details and diagonal composition.
Have a nice weekend,

Luciano Salve,

Again an eye-catching butterfly with wonderful colours and shapes on the wings,

excellent focus , Thanks!

Carissimi Saluti,***

Ciao Luciano,
Une magnifique prise, les details des dessins sont d'une bonne visibilité
sur les ailes déployées.
Bon W E

Hello Luciano,
Beautiful butterfly and I think I have seen this species here! Or almost same! I think you have cropped it tightly due to BG. Well sharpness as well as light.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice WE,

Hi Luciano.
this is one of the most beautiful butterfly we can see.
The are on wings up here just now too.
Very nice colours, good sharpness and fine details.
Well done, old friend.


bonsoir Luciano
ce papilon est superb de tous les côtés, excellente pose avec les ailes complètement ouvertes, les ailes sont finement détaillées et les couleurs sont très naturelles
Passe une bonne nuit

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2015-06-22 10:28]

Hi Luciano,
Classic pose are perfec natural colors too and with excellent sharpness details.
Regards Jiri.

Hello there Mr. Luciano,

This is a superb composition. Great sharpness and perfectly captured in natural colors. Thank you for sharing!

Best regards,


Hello Luciano

Excellent macro of this butterfly, with fine POV showing its
beautiful patterns, excellent focus, sharpness, details, and contrast, TFS


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