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The Geranium Argus

The Geranium Argus
Photo Information
Copyright: Seyfi Karaman (KOMSIS) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2015-07-04
Categories: Insects
Camera: NIKON D810, Nikon Nikkor AF-S VR Micro 105mm f/2,8 I, B+W UV-HAZE
Exposure: f/8, 1/250 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2016-02-27 8:23
Viewed: 1610
Points: 12
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Polyommatus eumedon, (Esper,[1780])
-Aricia eumedon
-Eumedonia eumedon
-Plebejus eumedon

The Geranium Argus

Turkish Name: Çokgözlü Geranyummavisi Kelebeği.

Distribution in Turkey: Marmara, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia.

Distribution in the world: The total range extends from central and northern Europe via Turkey, the Urals, Tien Shan and Altai to Mongolia. Island-like occurrences are known from northern and eastern Spain, southern France, central Italy to Sicily and the southern Balkans.

Living Area: The altitudinal distribution extends depending on the latitude of sea level to 2400 m against, in Fennoscandia to a maximum of 1300 meters. Habitat are both dry and wet, often interspersed with bushes or trees, flower-rich meadows and tall herb communities with adequate stocks of caterpillars forage crops.

Flight time: The adults fly in one generation, depending on the altitude, from mid-May to mid-August.

Food Plants of the caterpillar: food plants of the caterpillars are sangineum Geranium , Geranium sylvaticum , Geranium tuberosum , Geranium palustre , Geranium pratense and geranium cinereum . The caterpillar eats before the winter only to the unripe fruit, wintered small and eats then also on the leaves. She lives in symbiosis with Lasius alienus , and Myrmica - and Tapinoma species.

Description-Notes: Uppersides of both sexes are dark brown, usually with submarginal orange lunules on hindwing. Grayish brown with pale submarginal band of orange spots and a postmedian band of white -ringed black spots on both wings. Hindwing has conspicuous blue basal flush. Majority of individuals have a straight white stripe connecting hindwing discoidal spot to submarginal band on hindwing

Origin of the name: Evmed (Greek mythology) - Trojan Dolon father, scout, famous for the speed races.

Endangerment : Strongly endangered.
Endangerment factors: Polyommatus eumedon is endangered only locally (tourism activities, forest/pasture separation, overgrazing). But in the lowlands the butterfly is threatened with extinction in many places and is still more common only regionally. Typical endangerment factors are the often economically senseless mowing down to the very edge of a stream, intense management and mowing of ditches, afforestation and planting groves and construction of hydroelectric power plants.

Wingspan: 24-34 mm long.

Similar Species:
• Northern Brown Argus - Aricia artaxerxes, (Fabricius, 1793)
• Brown Argus - Aricia agestis, (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
• Spanish Argus - Aricia morronensis, (Ribbe, 1910)
• Blue Argus - Aricia anteros, (Freyer, 1839)


1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.80 pp.
2. Lepiforum.de : http://www.lepiforum.de/lepiwiki.pl?Aricia_Eumedon
3. Lepidoptera and their ecology » by Wolfgang Wagner : http://www.pyrgus.de/Polyommatus_eumedon_en.html
4. Lepidoptera Caucasi : http://babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/lycaenidae-/88-eumedonia-eumedon-/154--eumedonia-eumedon.html
5. Moths and Butterflies of Europe : http://www.leps.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/EumedEumed.htm
6. EuroButterflies » Matt Rowling : http://www.eurobutterflies.com/sp/eumedon.php
7. Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey : http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/[email protected]&tur=Geranyum%20%C3%87okg%C3%B6zl%C3%BCs%C3%BC
8. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey : http://www.adamerkelebek.org/GozlemFoto.asp?CinsId=33&FamilyaId=7&TurId=362&durum=7



marius-secan, Hotelcalifornia has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Seyfi,
Thanks for visiting my gallery...
Excellent capture with a nice specie. Perfect focus, details and clarity.
It is a high quality image.
Thanks for sharing.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2016-02-27 11:12]

Hi Seyfi,the sharpness is good but not the best,still a good capture of this lycaeneide,bright colors and excellent exposure,i like it! Have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2016-02-27 11:38]

Hello Seyfi,
Another wonderful macro in nice sharpness, bright colors and an attractive composition.

Hello Seyfi,
Beautiful photograph if this strongly endangered Geranum Argus. Nice composition with well BG. Details are nice too.
Thanks for sharing,

Hello Seyfi

Excellent macro of this butterfly over its beautiful flower,
fine lateral POV and framing, beautiful light,
excellent focus, sharpness, and details, TFS


Hi Seyfi
I have seen similar ones in my country.
Charming species, well presented.


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