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Zerynthia polyxena

Zerynthia polyxena
Photo Information
Copyright: Seyfi Karaman (KOMSIS) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2017-04-15
Categories: Insects
Camera: NIKON D810, Sigma 150mm f/2.8 APO MACRO EX DG OS, HOYA HD UV 72 mm
Exposure: f/9.0, 1/320 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2018-02-06 8:17
Viewed: 956
Points: 16
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Zerynthia polyxena , (Denis&Schiffermüller, 1775)
The Southern Festoon

Turkish Name: Güneyli Fisto Kelebeği

Distribution in Turkey: Usually in the north, the Black Sea and the Marmara coast were observed. Mainly wet meadows near woodland and open woodland with heavy undergrowth.

Distribution in the world: Southern France over Italy and eastwards to Slovakia, Austria, Greece covering all the Balkan peninsula , Turkey . Ukraine, Kazakhstan and the Southern Urals.

Living Area: Mostly it is below around 1000 meters. Sunny slopes of and foothills. Mainly wet meadows near woodland and open woodland with heavy undergrowth; sometimes near cultivated areas.

Flight time: During the year, one generation develops. Mid-March to late April in low-lying areas ; Late May June at higher altitudes.

Food Plants of the caterpillar: Caterpillars, Aristolochia sp-(Birthwort) plants are fed up with.

Description-Notes: Type locality : Wien. While flying butterflies, but this type is very similar to other white butterflies flying more irregular. On the edges of the hindwings they have a series of blue and red warning spots to deter potential predators. The basic color of the wings is yellow. Extremely wavy black submarginal lines on both wings give a strongly scalloped look. Broad black bars extend across the width of forewing cell. Note the two red bars within forewing cell.> The body is dark brown and bears red patches on the sides of the abdomen. The females have slightly longer wings, usually lighter colored than males.

Wingspan: 50-60 mm long.

The origin of the name: In Greek mythology, Polyxena (Greek: Πολυξένη) was the youngest daughter of King Priam of Trojan and his queen, Hecuba. Trojan story. Achilles, Polyxena married ..

Endangerment : Endangered.
Endangerment factors: Zerynthia polyxena is more and more endangered due to the loss of mesophilic, extensively managed open land and edges (intensification, overbuilding, bush encroachment, afforestation) and the few remaining wetlands, especially in the peripheral.

Similar Species:
• Spanish Festoon - Zerynthia rumina, (Linnaeus, 1758)
• Italian Festoon- Zerynthia cassandra, (Geyer, [1828])
• Eastern Festoon - Zerynthia cerisyi,(Godart, 1824)
• Cretan Festoon – Zerynthia cretica,(Rebel, 1904)
• Caucasian Festoon – Zerynthia caucasica,(Lederer, 1864)


1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.150 pp.
2. Lepidoptera Caucasi : >>http://www.babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/papilionidae/227-zerynthia-polyxena/277-zerynthia-polyxena.html
3. EuroButterflies »Matt Rowling : >> http://www.eurobutterflies.com/sp/polyxena.php
4. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey :>> http://www.adamerkelebek.org/GozlemFoto.asp?Durum=7&FamilyaId=2&CinsId=11&TurID=26
5. Lepiforum.de :>> http://www.lepiforum.de/lepiwiki.pl?Zerynthia_Polyxena
6. Wolfgang Wagner:>> http://www.pyrgus.de/Zerynthia_polyxena_en.html
7. UK Butterflies:>>http://www.ukbutterflies.co.uk/species.php?species=polyxena
8. Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey :>> http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/[email protected]&tur=G%C3%BCneyli%20Fisto
9. Moths and Butterflies of Europe: >>http://www.leps.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/ZerynPolyx.htm


mamcg, Cobo, peter_stoeckl, Hotelcalifornia has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2018-02-06 9:38]

Hi Seyfi,one of the most beautiful butterfly living in our countries,no doubts. And a great capture showing us its lovely design by the side,impressive capture very sharp and with bright colors too,i like it! Have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano

Ciao Seyfi, great macro of fantastic butterfly, wonderful bright colors, fine details and splendid sharpness, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • mamcg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 333 W: 13 N: 91] (9843)
  • [2018-02-07 7:11]

Ya Karaman,
Salaam, your NOTE is much informative than your shot, the gear you have is perfect for such job and I appreciate this MARHABA well done.
RAB sizi korusun.

  • Great 
  • Cobo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 1 N: 535] (5799)
  • [2018-02-07 13:41]

Beautiful butterfly and picture Seyfi.
Also with a great composition plus background.

  • Great 
  • periko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 70 W: 2 N: 145] (1487)
  • [2018-02-07 17:07]

Hi Seyfi
Beautiful specimen, unknown to me, whose pattern is somewhat different. The DoF is perfect to enhance its beauty.


Hello Seyfi,
very attractive portrait of Z. polyxena in a bold picture of great expressive beauty. Congratulations!
Impressingly informative notes, too. Thank you!
With kind regards from Wien (Vienna) where - as you mention - that species was described in 1775 for the first time,

Hello 👋 Seyfi,
Beautiful butterfly 🦋 and perfect background for such 🦋 picture ☺
I like its composition as well as details.
Well managed light ☀ too
Thanks for sharing your work with us 😊
Regards and have a nice day 🙂

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2018-02-11 9:53]

Hello Seyfi,
Excellent picture, very funny Pose of Zerynthia Polyxena.
Kind regards

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