|Copyright: Annick Vanderschelden (vanderschelden)
|Date Taken: 2006-08-06|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2006-08-08 10:57|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia |
Conservation status: Endangered
Species: R. unicornis
The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. It is confined to the tall grasslands and forests in the foothills of the Himalayas. The Indian Rhinoceros is an excellent swimmer. It can also run up to a speed of 55 km/h for short times. It has excellent hearing and smell but poor eyesight.
This prehistoric-looking rhinoceros has thick, silver-brown skin which creates huge folds all over its body. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart-like bumps, and it has very little body hair. Fully grown males are larger than females in the wild, standing about 1.8 metres tall, weighing from 2000 - 3000 kg and reaching up to 3.6 metres long. In captivity, both males and females attain much larger weights (up to 3500kg). The Great One-Horned Rhinoceros has a single horn; this is present in both males and females, but not on newborn young. The horn, like human hair, is pure keratin and starts to show after about one year. It reaches a length of between 20 and 61 cm.
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