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Solitary Bee

Solitary Bee
Photo Information
Copyright: Ram Thakur (ramthakur) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4316 W: 231 N: 14052] (56953)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2006-09-08
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony DSC-P200
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Bee and flies [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2006-09-13 12:27
Viewed: 3528
Points: 32
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Friends, I am back after a hectic "vacation" in India.
The monsoon this year was very active, giving very few clear days for going out nature hunting. That also deprived me of my desire to revisit certain destinations at high altitude. So, by and large, I ended up doing things rather erratically.
I am revising my note on this bee I shot in Mumbai recently. This is thanks to the help from our friend Howard. It is a Solitary Bee and the description is as follows:


Most bees, including familiar species of bee such as the Eastern carpenter bee (Xylocopa virginica), alfalfa leafcutter bee (Megachile rotundata), orchard mason bee (Osmia lignaria) and the hornfaced bee (Osmia cornifrons) are solitary in the sense that every female is fertile. There are no worker bees for these species. Solitary bees typically produce neither honey nor beeswax. They are immune from acarine and Varroa mites, but have their own unique parasites, pests and diseases. (See diseases of the honeybee.)
Solitary bees are important pollinators, as pollen is gathered for provisioning the nests with food for their brood. Often it is mixed with nectar to form a paste-like consistency. Many solitary bees have very advanced types of pollen carry structures on their bodies. Most solitary bees are wild, with a few species being increasingly cultured for pollination.
Solitary bees are often oligoleges, in that they only visit one or more species of plant (unlike honeybees and bumblebees which are generalists). In a few cases only one species of bee can pollinate a plant species, and some plants are endangered because their pollinator is dying off.
Solitary bees create nests in hollow reeds, holes in wood, or in tunnels in the ground. The female typically creates a compartment with an egg and some provisions for the resulting larva, then seals it off. A nest may consist of numerous compartments, usually the last (the closest to the entrance) being eggs that will become males. The adult does not care for the brood, and usually dies after making one or more nests. The males emerge first and are ready for mating when the females emerge. Providing nest boxes for solitary bees is increasingly popular for gardeners. Solitary bees are usually stingless or very unlikely to sting.
While solitary females each make individual nests, some species are gregarious, preferring to make nests near others of the same species, giving the appearance to the casual observer that they are social.
In some species, however, multiple females share a common nest, but each makes and provisions her own cells independently; this type of group is called "communal", and is not uncommon. The primary advantage appears to be that a nest entrance is easier to defend when there are multiple females using that same entrance on a regular basis.

Thanks for having a look and leaving your comments.

jcoowanitwong, wallhalla15, RAP, horia, jmp, eruyanik, SkyF, peter_stoeckl, marhowie has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To marhowie: Thanks, Howardramthakur 1 09-16 12:50
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Ram,
Welcome back. When I saw the lantana flower, I thought you posted a picture from your stock. This lantana flower seem to popular all over the world. Great composition and pov. Well balanced and impressive picture. Regards,

Great macro shot Ram. Great sharpness, details, clarity and nice DOF. Great colours and composition too. Thanks for sharing.

Hello Ram,
Great macro work in strong colours!
Well composed and with good details in the insect...
Nice to see you're posting again, I will think you have a great collection of fine images following the vacation!
Pablo -

  • Great 
  • RAP Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2524 W: 345 N: 2373] (7405)
  • [2006-09-13 13:05]

Excelente composición Ram, la belleza de la lantana en todo su esplendor, junto a la abeja con muy bello POV y nitidez.
Adecuado encuadre y presentación.
TFS y saludos... Ricardo

Excellent compo Ram... the beautiful of lantana in all their splendor, together the bee with very beautiful POV and coloring, besides a good clarity.
Suitable framing and presentation.
TFS and regards... Ricardo

  • Great 
  • horia Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2158 W: 224 N: 4749] (16656)
  • [2006-09-13 13:36]

Hi Ram

Welcome back! Great to see you posting again!
Nice shot here! Good POV, nice sharp details and lovely colors. I also like the nice reflections on its wings :)

Bravo and TFS

  • Great 
  • magal Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 224 W: 0 N: 313] (1251)
  • [2006-09-13 16:32]

Hi Ram,
Welcome back - your colourful critiques were sorely missed.
Some time ago, in one of your critiques you pointed out that bees always avoided your lantana's flowers like the plague. Now I see they are happily following the example of our bees and buzzing your plant.
Thanks for the well composed and colourful posting. Good to have you back

  • Great 
  • jmp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1659 W: 95 N: 2273] (8415)
  • [2006-09-13 18:22]

Hi Ram,
Great to see you back again! Vivid and happy shots, very well composed.
TFS, José M.

Welcome back my friend! i think that the moonsoon rains cut your internet connection also :-) i'm sorry to hear that deprived from your plans.
As for your photo, the framing is great here, i like that ball shaped, colourful flower again. Sorry about that interesting bee, i have no idea!
Nice to see your post again :-)

Hello Ram, nice close up really colorfull and detailed.


Hi Ram, welcome back!! your tryst with bees continue :-). Superb colors and composition, but i'am not sure about the DOF.
Goutham R

  • Great 
  • SkyF Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2234 W: 188 N: 1912] (8073)
  • [2006-09-14 13:02]

Hello Ram,
great close up, the details of the wing structure are very beautiful. A very well composed shot with lovely colors.

Hi Ram,
it's a wonderful shot with so brilliant colours. The bee is sitting there in a nice pose, I like it, thanks
Sabine - wishnugaruda

Salut Ram
Superbe composition,j'aime bien l'éclairage et les magnifique couleurs de l'insecte et de sa fleur.

Bravo et au revoir...JP

Hello Ram,
joyfully colourful lantana flowers, the well focussed dark bee appearing in powerful contrast. Dynamic diagonal composition of tropical splendour.
Good to see you on TN again, and to read your notes!
Thank you! Best regards,

Hello Ram,
Nicely composed with excellent color and well focused.
Very good detail and noise free :)
I think this is a specie of Mining Bee, family Andrenidae. AKA solitary bee, burrowing bee, ground-nesting bee, andrenid bee..well, you get the picture ;)
See you later,

Hi Ram,
Nice composition. I like the reflection from the wings.
Best regards,

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