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Loxodonta africana


Loxodonta africana
Photo Information
Copyright: Suha Derbent (catman) Silver Note Writer [C: 1 W: 0 N: 23] (269)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2002
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Nikon F5, Nikkor 600mm f:4.0 D, Fuji Velvia 50
Exposure: f/4
Details: Tripod: Yes
Photo Version: Original Version
Travelogue: South Africa
Date Submitted: 2005-01-22 20:26
Viewed: 5218
Favorites: 1 [view]
Points: 9
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)
In danger of extinction (EN) IUCN
Class Mammal
Order Proboscidea
Male 4000-6300 kgs
Female 2200-3500 kgs
Habitat All of Africa except the north
Life span 60-70 years.

The African elephant is the biggest land animal. Their tusks, which may be as long as 3 metres, can weigh more than 120 kgs. Tusks appear when elephants are 2 years old and continue growing throughout their lives. Today the number of elephants in Africa is decreasing rapidly. While 500 years ago there were 10 million elephants there, the 1979 census showed their number to be as few as 1.3 million. And today, there are only 600,000 elephants living in the wild.

Elephants can conceive between the ages of 12 and 40. The gestation period lasts 22 months (656 days on average). The baby is 125 kgs at birth. A baby elephant sucks 30 litres of milk a day and continues suckling until it is 3-4 years old. It will sometimes go on suckling until a new baby is born.

Although elephants have poor eyesight, their senses of smell and hearing are very strong. Their long,strong,sensitive trunks can detect the smell of tasty herbs and they can also uproot trees. The size of each ear on a gigantic elephant can be as large as 2 square metres. These big ears help reduce their body heat and keep them cool.

Elephants love water and mud and may travel about 30 kilometres to find water.
After bathing they cover their bodies with soil or mud in order to protect themselves against parasites and heat.

Elephants are social animals and live and travel together in herds of 20. An adult elephant eats 140 kgs of fodder and 200 litres of water per day.They spend 20 hours a day eating and are continually on the move. Elephants eat grass, leaves, roots, tree bark, and herbs. For this reason they can devastate the area they live in. This is one reason why they are being kept under control.

Elephants reach maturity when they are 20-30 years old . Physical contact is very important to them. They establish contact over long distances by means of low-frequency calls. They are very gentle creatures and help the sick and wounded members of their herd. Females sometimes cover dead elephants with leaves and bushes. Fifty per cent of them are killed by hunters for their tusks even before they reach the age of 15.

desmo, thistle, papkin, slrnovice2 has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  •      
  • jossim Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1538 W: 5 N: 2240] (12636)
  • [2005-01-22 23:06]

Quelle lumière et quelle composition. Bonne photo et merci pour l'envoi.

  • Good 
  • Nico Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 199 W: 1 N: 335] (1321)
  • [2005-01-23 1:21]

Nice mood you caught here. I like the warmth. Could maybe have been a little sharper.

  • Great 
  • desmo Silver Star Critiquer [C: 11 W: 0 N: 6] (4)
  • [2005-01-23 2:18]

the photography of the day !!
Excellent colors , composition and light.
very good photographer's note.
a pleasure.
TFS.

Great shot!
You managed to capture here the beautiful colours of Africa. These colours and light gave your photo very warm and really great atmosphere. I would say it is very romantic.
Very well done!
Thanks for posting :-)

Lovely composition Suha. Beautiful light and colours. I also think it is a little soft but somehow that seems to fit the mood of the photo admirably :)

i love elephants and this is just brilliant great colours.

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