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Photo Information
Copyright: Wally Rufous (rufous03) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 78 W: 14 N: 212] (1366)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2006-05-29
Categories: Birds
Camera: Canon EOS 20D, Canon EF 400mm f/5.6 L USM
Exposure: f/6.3, 1/1000 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2006-11-23 13:27
Viewed: 3574
Favorites: 2 [view]
Points: 29
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Female rufous hummingbird relaxing in the noon sun. ISO 400.

The Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) is a small hummingbird, about 8 cm long with a long, straight and very slender bill. The female is slightly larger than the male.

The adult male, shown in the photo, has a white breast, rufous face, upperparts, flanks and tail and an iridescent orange-red throat patch (gorget). Some males have some green on back and/or crown. The female has green upperparts, white underparts, some iridescent orange feathers in the center of the throat, and a dark tail with white tips and rufous base. Females and the rare green-backed males are extremely difficult to differentiate from Allen's Hummingbird.

Their breeding habitat is open areas and forest edges in western North America from southern Alaska to California. This bird nests further north than any other hummingbird. The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or conifer. The male aggressively defends feeding locations within his territory
They are migratory, many of them migrating through the Rocky Mountains and nearby lowlands in July and August to take advantage of the wildflower season there. They may stay in one spot for considerable time, in which case the migrants, like breeding birds, often aggressively take over and defend feeding locations. Most winter in wooded areas in the Mexico state of Guerrero, traveling over 2,000 miles by an overland route from its nearest summer home--a prodigious journey for a bird weighing only three or four grams.

This is the western hummingbird most likely to stray into eastern North America. There has been an increasing trend for them to migrate east to winter in the eastern United States, rather than south to Central America. This trend is the result of increased survival with the provision of artificial feeders in gardens. In the past, individuals that migrated east in error would usually die, but now they often survive, and their tendency to migrate east is inherited by their offspring. Provided sufficient food and shelter is available, they are surprisingly hardy, able to tolerate temperatures down to at least -20°C.

These birds feed on nectar from flowers using a long extendable tongue or catch insects on the wing.

Because of their small size, they are vulnerable to insect-eating birds and animals. These birds require frequent feeding while active during the day and become torpid at night to conserve energy.

clnaef, cedryk, greenpinkorange, coasties, red45, JORAPAVI, peter_stoeckl, Evelynn has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To claudine: replyrufous03 2 11-24 11:49
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Walter
Very nice shot of Rufous Hummingbird,
Beautiful colors and perfect focusing,


very cute, just like a jewel, TFS Ori

  • Great 
  • clnaef Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 778 W: 67 N: 645] (6814)
  • [2006-11-23 15:16]

Voilà un petit oiseau qui a l'air bien décidé.
Bonne soirée.

  • Great 
  • cedryk Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 967 W: 50 N: 1722] (5270)
  • [2006-11-23 16:20]

Hello Walter,
Very simple, effective composition in golden hues. Perfect details.
I like it a lot!
Best greetings,

Hi Walter,
Excellent pose, very beautiful composition, amazing colors. Perfect.Thanks for posting.
Regards, Krzysztof.

Hi Walter

Impressive shot. Perfect pose, crisp, clear and sharp. Nice colours and perfect PPV. Congrats!

  • Great 
  • red45 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2636 W: 74 N: 9091] (31094)
  • [2006-11-24 3:08]

Hello Walter!

You're setting very high quality standard here! As always great photo. Very high quality, sharp and clear, great colours and pose of bird. Beautifull hummingbird. Pity that beak casted shadow on bird's body, but this is only small nit.

Hello Walter,
A very very nice shot of this hummingbird.. I know hummingbirds are really hard to capture because they are so active and fast. Luckily u caught this one whilst it was sunbathing. I guess with good lighting, you managed good sharpness throughout with appropriate DOP. Even the bkground color compliments it alot. Good one really.. Only nich is there is some slight noise..
Other than that.. good one.

  • Great 
  • deud Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 438 W: 11 N: 534] (2540)
  • [2006-11-24 4:06]

what a beautiful shot! great light, colors, focus. great details and blurred bg. very well done. tfs

Hola Walter,
Muy buena composición, con gran nitidez, buena luz y un fondo muy bonito, enhorabuena. Saludos

Hello Walter,
This is so amazing! I guess you have your private farm of hummingbirds ;) How can you photograph so many of them? This one is a real beauty! You caught as usual, excellent details with great lightning, colors, POV and composition. I love this BG. It is soooo close, I'm amazed again. Thanks,

  • Great 
  • jossim Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1538 W: 5 N: 2240] (12636)
  • [2006-11-24 23:27]

Superbe oiseau,les couleurs sont justes et le focus parfait.

Bravo pour cette belle image.


Hi Walter,
perfect frontal approach, very well balanced composition,
pleasant colours, perfectly fitting background, marvellous light and shadow.
An outstanding bird portrait of elegance and tender transparency, light as a feather.
With thanks, and best regards,

Great details on the plumage!
Good shot, really well composed with a great BG.
I love your gallery of small bird.


bonjour walter
personne n'est a l'abrit d'une photo un peu moins parfaite que les autres,votre BG comporte du bruit dans la partie la plus sombre en bas a droite.

What a lovely little bird Walter...and what a nice photo of it. I am always amazed at people who capture moving targets. I bet he didn't sit there long. I know Laurent commented on the noise in the BG but I am conflicted about that. I have read that sometimes photographers intentionally introduce a bit of noise in a uniform background just to give it a bit of texture. It doesn't bother me in your photo.

Evelynn : )

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