|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|Fruit bats constitute a single suborder, the Megachiroptera, within the order Chiroptera (i.e., bats). They include the solitary family Pteropodidae.|
While the microbats are represented on all continents (excluding Antarctica), the fruit bats live only in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Eastern Hemisphere: Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania.
Not all so-called megabats are large: the smallest species is 6 centimeters (2.4 inches) long and thus smaller than some microbats. The largest reach 40 cm (16 inches) in length and attain a wingspan of 150 cm (5 feet), weighing in at nearly 1 kg (more than 2 pounds). Most fruit bats have large eyes, allowing them to orient visually in the twilight of dusk and inside caves and forests.
The sense of smell is excellent in these creatures. In contrast to the microbats, the fruit bats do not, as a rule, use echolocation (with one exception, the Egyptian fruit bat Rousettus egyptiacus, which uses high-pitched clicks to navigate in caves).
Fruit bats are frugivorous or nectarivorous, i.e., they eat fruits or lick nectar from flowers. Often the fruits are crushed and only the juices consumed. The teeth are adapted to bite through hard fruit skins. Large fruit bats must land in order to eat fruit, while the smaller species are able to hover with flapping wings in front of a flower or fruit.
Frugivorous bats aid the distribution of plants (and therefore, forests) by carrying the fruits with them and spitting the seeds or eliminating them elsewhere. Nectarivores actually pollinate visited plants. They bear long tongues that are inserted deep into the flower; pollen thereby passed to the bat is then transported to the next blossom visited, pollinating it. This relationship between plants and bats is a form of mutualism known as chiropterophily. Examples of plants benefitting from this arrangement include the baobabs of the genus Adansonia and the sausage tree (Kigelia).
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- [2007-02-20 9:12]
A well known sight of this bats, I saw them also in the outside restaurant of Skukuza camp, yours is very sharp and I did not know their name.
Very nice picture of rarely photographed mammal group! I really like to see here on TN something new and non-commercial! ;)
DOF and POV are very good. I like also the pose of confosision - two species - female and the baby.
Note is very informative and interesting too.
TFS and best greetings from Poland,
PS. By the way, if you are interested please look at some of my bats pictures here and here :)
- [2007-02-20 10:18]
Bravo. On en voit pas souvent des comme celle-là.
- [2007-02-21 14:50]
Que maravilha se não prestar bem atenção não vê este bicho,ele é marrom claro junto com o fundo deve ser a tecnica de camuflagem deles,só um olhar clínico é que consegue descobir e fotografar,parabéns.
You nicely captured my favourite anaimals, fruit bats. Sharpness, details, lighting great. fantastic colouration. Good notes.
Desconozco este mamífero pero realmente su aspecto impresiona. No se en las condiciones de luz que tomaste la fotografía pero es un bello documento y más para los que no hemos visto nunca este tipo de animales. Un saludo Quinten.