Thanks for your critique. Concerning the exposure of water: I here wanted to capture the details in the water and didn't want the blurred "filé"-effect. That's why I chose a very high speed. The other reason is that the mist from the falls already give a blurred effect I didn't want to accentuate. And finally I must be honest and say I have made a mistake: before I took this picture I had cleaned my camera and tried out some special settings. I then forgot to set back the ISO to 100. I took this picture in spite of the bright conditions with ISO 200.
When I have harsh contrasts I usually measure the exposure on the bright tones and sometimes in addition to that correct the exposure for one or two more stops (hmm, technical term?). Later, in my Photoshop, I then lighten up the darks and attenuate the whites (image, adjustments, then something like "darks/brights" - my Photoshop is in German...). If this is not enough, or if I would close the shutter too much and therefore produce too dark tones that I couldn't lighten up, I try to use a neutral grey filter. I also sometimes have to accept to have burnt whites (parts of clouds) with the loss of details. I then add a (very) little grey cast to the before selected burnt parts in order to attenuate them a bit.
I hope you can understand my horrible English...
Peaceful Rest (37) *