Pupa of Papilio machaon (38)
|Photo tooked in Porto Fuso, Sertã, Portugal, on June 10th 2005. This is the green variety of the pupa of this specie.|
The Papilio machaon is a lepidoptera that flys on daylight. Very common in Portugal.
Is one of the three Papilionidae species that exists in Portugal.
It can reach a 60mm to 80mm wingspan.
In Portugal it has three generations over the year.
It flies till 1200m of altitude, from February till December.
The larvas feeds on a plant (Foeniculum vulgare) know as "Funcho" in Portugal, "Sweet fennel" in english. But they also feeds on other plants like Cicuta virosa, Carum carvi, Trinia, Laserpitium, Pimpinella saxifraga, Aegopodium podagraria, Anethum graveolens, Angelica silvestris, A. archangelica, Levisticum officinale, Peucedanum, P. palustre, Pastinaca sativa, Heracleum sphondylium, Daucus, D. carota, Heracleum, Ferula, Dictamnus albus, Ruta and Haplophyllum.
The pupa stands on its food plant until the adult insect borns.