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Polyommatus diana (10)
KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Altitude : 2350 meters
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INSECTA-LEPIDOPTERA-LYCAENIDAE
Polyommatus (Neolysandra) diana, (Miller, 1913)

-Common Name : The Diana Blue

-Turkish Name : Çokgözlü Diana Mavi Kelebeği.

-Distribution in Turkey : Eastern Anatolia and Northeast Anatolia, Gumushane and Kayseri Province.

-Distribution in the World : Turkey and Armenia.

-Living Area : It flies in the volcanic subalpine meadows around Lake Van at an altitude of 1200-2400 meters above sea level. Prefers rich, medium temperature meadows. Flowery subalpine grassland.

-Flight time : Polyommatus diana lies in one generation from Mid-May to late July, according to altitude.

-Food Plants of the caterpillar : The caterpillar feeds Vicia spp-( Lathyrus brachypterus)
Note - The living space is extremely limited. Butterflies prefer abundant flowering subalpine meadows and they do not leave their fields. Overgrazing has been recorded as the main threat in habitats (Hesselbarth et al. 1995), and since the possible nutrient plant is one of the plants preferred by fattening animals, uncontrolled grazing is likely to have a detrimental effect on populations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Endangered

-Description-Notes: Typical area," Kagizman-Kars " Turkey. Polyommatus diana, the majority of global distribution is within the borders of Turkey. A rare species of restricted distribution. A small–sized butterfly. Male can easily be separated from males of its close relatives Polyommatus coelestinus-Pontic Blue and Polyommatus fatima-Fatima's Blue by its darker blue ground color and wider black borders, especialy on forewing. Male front and rear wing upper floor is purplish bright blue; The middle outer half of the front wings and the upper edge length are colored to blackish fume. The female is brown on the front and rear wings and the black vertical speck on the front wing is very prominent.The rear wing shows similar coloring, but outer edge is very little blackish fume. This type is easy to recognize; located under the rear wing,
in some white individuals it is sufficient to see a very thin white line extending from the small black speckled vertical speck to the middle outer speck band.

- Front Wing Lenght : 31-36 mm long.

-The origin of the name : In Roman mythology, Diana was the goddess of the hunt, mythologically similar to the Greek goddess Artemis. The daughter of Jupiter and Latona, Diana was born with her twin brother Apollo on the island of Delos.

-Endangerment factors : When overgrazing and mowing activities are considered together with the dependent plant characteristics of the species, it is understood that it is under threat.
According to IUCN Red List Criteria categorized as Endangered-[EN]

-Similar Species :
• Fatima's Blue - Polyommatus fatima (Eckweiler & Schurian,1980)
• Pontic Blue - Polyommatus coelestinus (Eversmann,1843)

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-References :
1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.86 pp.
2. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey :
http://www.adamerkelebek.org/IcerikDetay.asp?IcerikKatId=7&TurId=358
3. Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey:
http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/[email protected]&tur=%C3%87okg%C3%B6zl%C3%BC%20Diana%20Mavisi
4. Butterfly Conservation Armenia Lepidoptera Caucasi:
https://www.butterfly-conservation-armenia.org/polyommatus-diana.html
5. Dergipark-The Black Sea Journal of Sciences
https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/381078
6. Lepidoptera Caucasi:
http://www.babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/lycaenidae-/394-polyommatus-diana.html
7. Butterflies of Armenia:
http://www.mnp.am/red_book_fauna/eng/a139.html

192-SK180619S

Altered Image #1

KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Polyommatus diana, location
Edited by:KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)

Suphan Mountain, a dormant volcano, is Turkey's third highest peak.