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Argynnis paphia. (52)
peter_stoeckl Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1738 W: 291 N: 4005] (11530)
Argynnis paphia.
Male.

Argynnis paphia (Linneus, 1758)
E – Silver washed Fritillary,
D - Kaisermantel, Silberstrich,
H – Keizersmantel,
Sw- Silverstreckard Pärlemorfjäril,
Sp – Nacarada,
F – Tabac d’Espagne,
I – Pafia

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae

Wingspan: 55 – 70 mm

The Silver washed Fritillary species shows some well visible sexual dimorphism. The males have bright orange coloured scales, and pronounced dark veins on the upper side of the forewings. These veins are covered with scenting scales, obviously to attract females by chemical signals in addition to visual ones.

The females of A. paphia show a clearly different appearance. They do not have the broad dark veins on the forewings, the dark spots however are more extended. The wing colour is not a bright orange, it is shaded and sometimes even tends towards greyish green.

> The female.

Caterpillars feed on the leaves of violets (Viola) and bramble (Rubus). The species inhabits open forests and edges of woodland all over Europe and the UK (with the exception of Scotland, northern Scandinavia, and the southern Iberian peninsula). Butterflies emerge in June or July and can be observed in one extended generation until the end of September. They are very fond of small blossoms rich with nectar, such as the Butterfly Bush (Buddleia davidii) - as shown here - offers.

Buddleia davidii is a fast-growing shrub very attractive to butterflies. The plant was discovered in the 1880s by French missionaries in China, where it is known as the Summer Lilac. The Butterfly Bush is vigorous and prolific, and colonies are likely to establish themselves quickly on any open ground. Buddleia davidii shrubs have become "neophytes" to many places in the warmer parts of Europe, well naturalised since decades, as in the location shown: near the village of Vesta at Lago d’Idro in northern Italy, where the picture was taken August 5, 2004.

Camera: Minolta Dimage 7Hi, with integrated tele-zoom and macro, no flash, 2560 x 1920 pixels, sRGB, 51mm, F/5.6, 1/180 sec., ISO-100, 05.08.2004, 17:41.

Photoshop Elements: cropped to the left, selectively sharpened, colours and contrast adjusted, downsized for the web to 730 x 600.

Thank you for looking. Have a very good day.

Altered Image #1

peter_stoeckl Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1738 W: 291 N: 4005] (11530)
The Female.
Edited by:peter_stoeckl Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1738 W: 291 N: 4005] (11530)

Argynnis paphia L.
The Female.

Silver washed Fritillary
Kaisermantel, Silberstrich

The female A. paphia has a significantly different appearance. One may even mistake the female for a different species. It does not have the male's broad dark veins on the forewings, all the dark spots however are more extended. The wing colour is not a bright orange yellow, it is more or less shaded and tends towards a greenish hue.

This picture was taken at the same day at the same location: Lago d’Idro in northern Italy August 5, 2004.

Camera: Minolta Dimage 7Hi, with integrated tele-zoom and macro, no flash.

Hope you enjoy.